Titel: Asian Irrigation in Transition: Responding to Challenges
Herausgegeben von Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Douglas Vermillion, Wai-Fung Lam
November 2005 - gebunden - 520 Seiten
There is today a crucial need to revamp the management and governance of water systems in Asia in order to cater to the increasing demands of a growing group of users with diverse needs-urban settlements, industry, food producers and environmental needs. Written by a mix of international observers and practitioners, these essays cover a wide range of issues that are involved in this endeavor.
Based on actual fieldwork in various Asian countries, the contributors collectively address three major themes:
- The response to the competition for resources including groundwater and aquifers, multiple water use, water reclamation, and watershed and basin management.
- The emergence of new partnerships and institutional reforms, such as the changing role of governments, participatory approaches, new accountability mechanisms and improving the infrastructure.
- The economic productivity of irrigated agriculture through water users` associations, demand-oriented and pro-poor irrigation services, and agribusiness.
Drawing vital lessons from the Asian experience, this important volume will greatly assist in the design of efficient and equitable water management systems as well as serve to outline an agenda for future research for practitioners and policymakers.
Foreword Said Irandoust and Frank Rijsberman
Preface Walter Coward
Asian Irrigation Problems and Prospects - Ganesh P Shivakoti, Wai-Fung Lam and Ujjwal Pradhan
PART ONE: GENERAL PERSPECTIVES ON TRANSITION
Perspectives on Asian Irrigation - Randolph Barker and Francois Molle
Social Capital and Irrigation Management - Norman T Uphoff
Bringing Rigor and Evidence to the Relationship
Institutions Against Change - Nirmal Sengupta
PART TWO: RESPONSE TO COMPETITION FOR RESOURCES
Groundwater Markets and Irrigation Potential in South Asia - Humnath Bhandari and Ganesh P Shivakoti
A Micro Study from Nepal
Emerging Water Crisis and Political Economy of Irrigation Reforms in India - Vishwa Ballabh
Recognizing Multiple Water Uses in Intersectoral Water Transfers - Ruth Meinzen-Dick and Rajendra Pradhan
The Closure of the Chao Phraya River Basin in Thailand - Francois Molle
Its Causes, Consequences and Policy Implications
The Emergence of Polycentric Water Governance in Northern Thailand - Uraivan Tan-Kim-Young, Pakping Chalad Bruns and Bryan Randolph Bruns
PART THREE: INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS AND NEW PARTNERSHIP
Asian Irrigation in Transition - Thierry Facon
Service Orientation, Institutional Aspects and Design, Operation, Infrastructure Issues
Participatory Approaches to Irrigation Development and Management in the Philippines - Luis P Eleazar et al
The Next Generation
Leadership and Turnover - Peter P Mollinga, Gao Hong and Anjali M Bhatia
The Contradictions of Irrigation Management Reform in the People's Republic of China
Reforming Taiwan's Irrigation Associations - Wai-Fung Lam
Getting the Nesting of Institutions Right
People's Participation in Irrigation Management in Thailand - Tassanee Ouvichit
Coalition-Building for Participatory Irrigation Management Under Changing Water Resource Trends - M V K Sivamohan and Christopher A Scott
Reflections on Reforms in Andhra Pradesh, India
Irrigation Sector Reform in Asia - Douglas L Vermillion
From `Participation with Patronage' to `Empowerment with Accountability'
PART FOUR: MARKETS AND ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY OF IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE
Making Irrigation Management Pro-Poor - Eric Biltonen, Doan Doan Tuan and Jinxia Wang
Indications of Potentials from China and Vietnam
Moving Beyond Water Provision - Helmi
Strategic Issues Related to the Transition of Irrigation Management in Indonesia
Farmer-Managed Irrigation Systems in Asia - Robert Yoder and Prachanda Pradhan
Subsistence Agriculture in Transition
PART FIVE: SYNTHESIS AND STRATEGIC RESPONSES
The Future of Irrigated Agriculture in Asia - Douglas L Vermillion, Elinor Ostrom and Robert Yoder
What the Twenty First Century Will Require of Policies, Institutions and Governance
Ganesh P Shivakoti is Associate Professor of Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok, and concurrently Non-resident Scholar, Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, USA. He has several edited volumes to his credit and recent publication includes a book jointly edited with Professor Elinor Ostrom, Improving Irrigation Governance and Management in Nepal (2002, ICS Press, California). Dr. Shivakoti.s professional interest areas include farming system economics, common property resources, institutions and policies related to water, land and forestry, and population and environment relation-ships. Douglas L. Vermillion is a development sociologist and independent consultant for water policy and institutions in the USA. Formerly a re-searcher for the International Water Management Institute, he has over two decades of experience in research, policy analysis, and managerial and socioeconomic aspects of water management in less developed countries. He has worked in Asia, North and Latin America, Africa and the Middle East. Recently, he has assisted Indonesia, Cambodia, Gujarat, in India, and Nigeria to develop policy and legal frameworks for irrigation sector reform. Email: email@example.com Wai-Fung Lam is Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and Public Administration at the University of Hong Kong and holds a Ph.D. in Public Policy from Indiana University, USA. He has a book to his credit, Governing Irrigation Systems in Nepal: Institutions, Infra-structure, and Collective Action (1998, ICS Press, California). His research focuses on institutional policy analysis, resource management, public organizations, and public sector reform. Elinor Ostrom is the Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science and Co-Director of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington. She was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2001; is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; and a recipient of the Frank E. Seidman Prize in Political Economy and the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science. Her books include Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action; Rules, Games, and Common-Pool Resources (with Roy Gardner and James Walker); and Local Commons and Global Interdependence: Heterogeneity and Cooperation in Two Domains (with Robert Keohane). Ujjwal Pradhan is a Program Officer in Environment and Development with the Ford Foundation based in Jakarta. He is also a member of the International Steering Committee of Rewarding Upland Poor for Environmental Services (RUPES) for Southeast Asia. He earlier served as Social Scientist and Head of the Nepal Country Program of the International Irrigation Management Institute. He holds a Ph.D. in Development Sociology from Cornell University, USA. His doctoral dissertation dealt with property rights and relations and state intervention in water resources in Nepal. Robert Yoder is Director of Water Development with International Development Enterprises in the USA. A civil and agricultural engineer by training, much of his professional work has focused on research and improvement of farmer-managed irrigation systems. He was Head of the International Irrigation Management Institute.s field operations in Nepal from 1985.1990. His recent work in Romania and Jordan included increasing farmer involvement in irrigation management.
The book provide a larger menu for the institutional reform process in Asian countries backed up by interesting real world experiences… the chapters in the book do provide a broad mosaic of the multi-faceted challenges facing irrigation system management and irrigated agriculture in the context of diverse and rapidly changing conditions of Asia.