Titel: Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation, Global Imperatives
'Beltsville Symposia in Agricultural Research'.
Herausgegeben von Lloyd Knutson, Allan K. Stoner
30. November 1989 - gebunden - 556 Seiten
Topics for the Beltsville Symposia are selected to highlight specific areas of research and science policy that are of concern to scientists in the Beltsville Area as well as to the general scientific community. Each sympo sium in the series is structured to provide a realistic appraisal of current findings, research progress, and relevant policy issues within the constraints established by the organizing committee. Thus, the presentations and dis cussions that have marked these symposia have had a strong appeal to the broad community of scientists. Knowledge of the diversity of living organisms is still quite limited. Since the time of Linnaeus, about 1.7 million species have been described. The actual number has been estimated between 5-50 million. Many species, land races, and strains are vanishing. Clearly, the world's scientific institutions are inadequately equipped to attain sufficient knowledge of a significant fraction of the diverse living forms. Also, efforts in the collection and preservation of germplasm of plants and animals urgently need to be strengthened. These mattes are critically important to future generations. This symposium addresses vital concerns of biotic diversity and germ plasm preservation from diverse perspectives. Many of the parts provide concrete recommendations for action, and they call attention to areas of research that must be pursued with intensity.
Section I: Introduction and Delineation of Issues.- Systematics, Diversity, and Germplasm.- Germplasm Preservation: Objectives and Needs.- Ethical and Policy Implications.- Ecology of Agroecosystems in Relation to Natural Ecosystems.- Section II: Basic Research and Germplasm Status.- Plant Germplasm Preservation: A Global Perspective.- Program for Plant Germplasm Preservation in the United states.- Development of Research on Crop Germplasm Resources in China.- Management and Utilization of Plant Germplasm Collections.- Population Genetics and the Dynamics of Conservation.- Section III: Frontiers in Germplasm Utilization.- Sampling, Evaluation, and Utilization of Animal Genetic Resources.- An Essay on Prokaryote Diversity.- Microbial Germplasm.- Gene Transfer in Plants.- Alteration of the Genome as a Method to Increase Diversity in Animal Germplasm Resources.- Enhancement of Plant Germplasm.- The Impact of Biotechnology on Conventional Germplasm Conservation and Use.- Section IV: Germplasm Collection and Data Management.- Cryopreservation of Animal Germplasm Resources.- Invertebrate Germplasm Cryopreservation: Potential, Problems and Prospects.- Techniques for Preservation of Plant Germplasm.- Plant Germplasm Acquisition and Exchange.- Plant Germplasm Information Systems.- Animal Germplasm Information Systems.- Accessibility of World Germplasm Resources: Animal Health Constraints.- Section V: International Issues and Linkages.- Plant Genetic Resource Initiatives in International Development.- Threatened Habitats and Germplasm Preservation: A Central American Perspective.- Ownership of Plant Genetic Material.- Plant Germplasm and the Economics of Agriculture.- Summary of Symposium.
` The volume is an excellent representation of the papers presented.
... the abstracts of each paper that the publishers have included will facilitate the use of the volume. '
FAO/IBPGR Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter, March 1991