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Chemical Changes in Food During Processing als Buch

Chemical Changes in Food During Processing

'Ift Basic Symposium Series'. Auflage 1985. Sprache: Englisch.
Buch (gebunden)
This volume results from the Eighth Basic Symposium held by the Institute of Food Technologists in Anaheim, California on June 8-9, 1984. The theme of the symposium was "Chemical Changes in Food during Processing." The speakers included a mix of indi... weiterlesen


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Chemical Changes in Food During Processing als Buch
Titel: Chemical Changes in Food During Processing

ISBN: 0870555049
EAN: 9780870555046
'Ift Basic Symposium Series'.
Auflage 1985.
Sprache: Englisch.
Herausgegeben von Thomas Richardson, John W. Finley

31. März 1986 - gebunden - 520 Seiten


This volume results from the Eighth Basic Symposium held by the Institute of Food Technologists in Anaheim, California on June 8-9, 1984. The theme of the symposium was "Chemical Changes in Food during Processing." The speakers included a mix of individuals from academic institu tions, governmental agencies, and the food industry. Twenty speakers discussed topics ranging from the basic chemistry relating to food constituents to the more applied aspects of chemical changes in food components during food processing. It was the intent of the organizers to bring together a group of speakers who could address the chemistry of changes in food compo nents during processing from a mechanistic point of view. As a con sequence, the proceedings of this symposium emphasize the basic chemistry of changes in food constituents from a generic perspective which is intended to provide the reader with a background to address more specific problems that may arise.


1 Chemical Changes in Food During Processing-An Overview.- Food Processing in Perspective.- Chemical Changes during Processing.- Means of Controlling Chemical Reactions in Foods during Processing and Handling.- Conclusion.- References.- 2 Chemistry of Reactive Oxygen Species.- Reactive Species.- Photosensitized Oxidations.- Methods of Characterizing Reactive Intermediates.- Summary.- References.- 3 Metal-Catalyzed Reactions of Organic Compounds.- Ionic Reactions Promoted by Metal Ions.- Metal-Catalyzed Oxidation of Organic Compounds.- References.- 4 Free Radical Chemistry of Natural Products.- Peroxyl Radicals.- Alkoxyl Radicals.- Superoxide and Hydroperoxyl Radicals.- Hydroxyl Radical.- Other Radicals.- References.- 5 Mechanism of Fatty Acid and Phospholipid Autoxidation.- References.- 6 Thermal and Radiolytic Decomposition of Lipids.- Extent of Decomposition.- Radiolytic Reactions.- Thermolytic Reactions.- Thermal Oxidative Reactions.- Comparison of Product Patterns.- References.- 7 Antioxidants.- Experimental Techniques.- Generation of Peroxy Radicals.- Generation of Oxidizing Radicals.- Reactions of Peroxy and Oxidizing Radicals with Antioxidants.- Reactivities of Peroxy Radicals.- Reactivities of Antioxidants.- Spectral Properties.- Structure-Reactivity Relationships for Antioxidants.- Conclusions.- References.- 8 Mechanisms of Oxidoreductases Important in Food Component Modification.- Polyphenol Oxidase.- Lipoxygenase.- Peroxidase and Catalase.- Xanthine Oxidase, Xanthine Dehydrogenase, and Aldehyde Oxidase.- Glucose Oxidase.- Alcohol Dehydrogenase and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase.- References.- 9 Oxidation of Lipids in Biological Tissue and Its Significance.- The Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Cascade.- Formation of Hydroperoxides.- Peroxy Radical Model for Prostaglandin Formation.- Potential Chemical Models for Biochemical Conversion of Hydroperoxides.- Significance of the Cascade.- References.- 10 Oxidation-Induced Changes in Foods.- Lipid Oxidation in Processed Peanuts.- Quality of Frying Fats for Fast Food Services.- Oxidative Cross-Linking of Polyphenolics in Rice.- References.- 11 Controlling Acyl Transfer Reactions of Hydrolases to Alter Food Constituents.- Acyl Transfer.- Lipases.- Thiol Proteinases.- Acid Proteinases.- Conclusions.- References.- 12 Chemical Reactions of Proteins.- General Chemistry of Reactions.- Some Typical Reactions.- Some Deteriorative Reactions of Practical Importance.- Possible Unhealthful Deteriorative Products.- References.- 13 Some Aspects of the Chemistry of Nonenzymatic Browning (The Maillard Reaction).- Sugar-Amine Interactions.- Maillard Polymer Formation.- References.- 14 Principal Changes in Starches During Food Processing.- Gelatinization.- Degradation.- Retrogradation.- Bread Staling.- References.- 15 Chemical Changes in Flavor Components During Processing.- Enzymatically and/or Microbially Produced Compounds.- Thermal Changes.- References.- 16 Changes in Pectin and Cellulose During Processing.- Cell Wall Structure.- Sugar Composition, Size, and Shape of Pectin Molecules.- Pectin Methylation.- Pectin Ionization and Ion Binding.- Pectin Structure in Cell Walls.- Recent Studies of Pectic Enzymes.- Role of Pectin in Fruit and Vegetable Texture.- Cellulose Structure and Function.- References.- 17 Chemical Changes of Vitamins During Food Processing.- Vitamin Degradation Reactions.- Conversion to Products Exhibiting Reduced Biological Activity.- Processing Effects on Vitamin Bioavailability.- Conclusions.- References.- 18 Chemical Changes in Natural Food Pigments.- Carotenoids.- Chlorophyll.- Heme Pigments.- Anthocyanins.- Betalains.- References.- 19 Environmental Effects on Protein Quality.- Influence of Heat on Proteins.- Nonenzymatic Browning.- Photooxidation Reactions of Proteins.- Interaction of Protein with Oxidizing Lipids.- Influence of Alkaline Conditions on Protein.- Conclusions.- References.- 20 Environmental Effects on Chemical Changes in Foods.- Environmental Effects on Rates


` ...provides current references with a brief, well-written text... recommended for all food science/technology libraries.'
Food Technology

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