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Participatory Livestock Research: A Guide

Sprache: Englisch.
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Livestock research and development work has tended to lag behind crop production work in the development and application of methods for participatory technology development. However, the case for participatory research is just as strong in relation t … weiterlesen
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Produktdetails

Titel: Participatory Livestock Research: A Guide
Autor/en: Czech Conroy

ISBN: 1853395773
EAN: 9781853395772
Sprache: Englisch.
INTERMEDIATE TECHNOLOGY PUBN

April 2005 - kartoniert - 304 Seiten

Beschreibung

Livestock research and development work has tended to lag behind crop production work in the development and application of methods for participatory technology development. However, the case for participatory research is just as strong in relation to livestock as it is in relation to crops; and there has been increasing recognition that livestock research needs to give greater emphasis to farmer participation. This book is intended to help livestock researchers and practitioners to overcome the potential difficulties associated with participatory livestock research. The book is aimed at: livestock and rangeland researchers (in national agricultural research systems, universities and NGOs); extensionists and practitioners of livestock development (in livestock service agencies and NGOs).

Inhaltsverzeichnis

1 Introduction 1; 1.1 Why livestock are important to resource-poor people 3; 1.2 Livestock constraints and failure of conventional research 5; 1.3 The advantages of participatory research 12; PART I PARTICIPATORY SITUATION ANALYSIS 15; 2 General aspects of participatory situation analysis 17; 2.1 Introduction 17; 2.2 The use of statistics in PSA 22; 2.3 Social groups, livelihood systems and livestock 28; 3 Getting an overview of livestock-keeping 39; 3.1 Reasons and benefits 39; 3.2 Describing the livestock production system 41; 3.3 Collecting more detailed information about animal; productivity 43; 4 Feeding systems and resources 51; 4.1 Spatial distribution of forage and water resources 51; 4.2 Identifying preference for fodder tree/shrub species 51; 4.3 Feeding systems and seasonality 52; 5 Animal health 57; 5.1 Introduction 57; 5.2 Veterinary diagnosis and participatory research methods 58; 5.3 Uses of participatory methods in research 60; 5.4 Conclusions 72; 6 Analysis of constraints, problems and opportunities 73; 6.1 Preliminary identification and ranking of constraints 73; 6.2 Scratching below the surface 74; 6.3 Participatory problem tree analysis 75; PART II PARTICIPATORY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT 79; 7 When to do participatory trials 81; 7.1 Types of agricultural research 81; 7.2 Project and institutional objectives 85; 7.3 Essential conditions for PTD with livestock-keepers 91; 8 Getting started 97; 8.1 Needs assessment 97; 8.2 Scheduling 98; 8.3 Identifying where to work and with whom 98; 8.4 Identifying interventions 103; 8.5 When to experiment 109; 9 Designing trials and experiments 111; 9.1 Identifying experimental hypotheses 111; 9.2 How many livestock-keepers and animals should be; involved? 111; 9.3 How many treatments? 113; 9.4 Experimental design 114; 9.5 Conclusions 117; 10 Monitoring and evaluation of experiments 119; 10.1 What data, why and how often? 119; 10.2 Collecting baseline data 122; 10.3 Who monitors and how? 123; 10.4 Processing monitoring data 123; 10.5 Physicallying distinguishing animals to be monitored 124; 10.6 Methods for measuring treatments and performance; indicators 125; 10.7 Evaluation: assessing the effect of interventions 127; 11 Achieving wider impact 131; 11.1 Disseminating technologies developed by the PTD project 132; 11.2 Building livestock-keepers' capacity for participation 144; 11.3 Sustaining and promoting PTD within lead R&D agencies 144; 11.4 Promoting PTD outside lead R&D agencies 146; 11.5 Improving the enabling environment 149; PART III CASE STUDIES 151; 12 Case study A: Learning about the control of Newcastle; disease with village chicken farmers in Mozambique 153; 12.1 Background 154; 12.2 Overview of ND control activities to date 155; 12.3 ND control activities in Mozambique 155; 12.4 Results and discussion of Mozambican field trials 159; 12.5 ND control activities in Tanzania and Ghana 161; 12.6 Conclusions 161; 13 Case study B: Participatory development of mange; treatment technology in Kenya 165; 13.1 Historical background to DAREP 165; 13.2 Livestock production and constraints in Tharaka and; Mbeere 166; 13.3 The technology development process 168; 13.4 Dissemination of technology 172; 13.5 Concluding observations 174; 14 Case study C: Participatory validation of medicinal plants; for livestock diseases of pastoralists in Kenya 175; 14.1 Background and approach 175; 14.2 Validation 178; 14.3 Achieving wider impact 181; 15 Case study D: Improving the efficacy of concentrate usage; by smallholder dairy farmers in Kenya 185; 15.1 Background 186; 15.2 Constraint identification 186; 15.3 On-station development of intervention 187; 15.4 Methodology to adapt and evaluate intervention in the field 187; 15.5 Results 190; 15.6 Conclusions 193; 16 Case study E: Tree pods as a supplement to improve the; productivity of female goats in India 197; 16.1 Background 198; 16.2 Participatory situation analysis 199; 16.3 Methods and materials 200; 16.4 Results 202; 16.5 Discussion 203; 16.6 Dissemination 205; 16.7 Key points arising from project experiences 206; 17 Case study F: Women, livestock and innovation: campesino experimentation in Mexico 207; 17.1 Background 208; 17.2 Who, where, when and what 208; 17.3 How 208; 17.4 Results 218; 17.5 Recommendations for livestock PTD processes 221; 18 Case study G: Adoption and scaling up - experiences of; the Forages for Smallholders Project in South-east Asia 225; 18.1 Introduction 226; 18.2 Developing technologies with farmers, and adoption 226; 18.3 Some FSP research highlights 232; 18.4 Scaling up 233; 18.5 Benefits 235; 18.6 Conclusions 236; 19 Case study H: Development of herbaceous forage legume; technologies in central Kenya 237; 19.1 Introduction 238; 19.2 Constraints 239; 19.3 Legume characteristics and the production system 241; 19.4 Combining on-station and on-farm experiments in; technology development 242; 19.5 Scaling up and scaling out 243; 19.6 Implications and lessons learned 244; 20 Case study I: Development of the Kebkabiya donkey; plough in Western Sudan 247; 20.1 Introduction 248; 20.2 History of plough development 248; 20.3 Distribution of ploughs 253; 20.4 Capacity building 254; 20.5 Benefits of the mouldboard donkey plough 254; 20.6 Conclusions and lessons learned 255; 21 Case study J: Tzotzil shepherdesses and Chiapas wool; sheep, Mexico 257; 21.1 Intoduction 258; 21.2 A sustainable alternative approach 259; 21.3 Benefits of the programme 263; 21.4 Final reflections and thoughts 263; PART IV CONCLUSIONS 265; 22 Maximizing the contribution of participatory livestock; research 267; 22.1 Benefits of participatory approaches 267; 22.2 Potential for horizontal scaling up 270; 22.3 Barriers to horizontal scaling up 270; 22.4 The institutional revolution: increasing the use of; participatory approaches 274; 22.5 The information revolution 278; 22.6 Final comments 279; Appendix: Internet-based livestock and development information sources 281; List of contributors 283; References 287; Index 297

Portrait

Czech Conroy is Reader in Rural Livelihoods at the Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich. He has worked in various countries in Asia and Africa, and has done livestock-related work in India, Indonesia and Oman.
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