Titel: Gandhi in His Time and Ours: The Global Legacy of His Ideas
Autor/en: David Hardiman
Empfohlen ab 22 Jahre.
COLUMBIA UNIV PR
April 2004 - gebunden - 256 Seiten
Gandhi was the creator of a radical style of politics that has proved effective in fighting insidious social divisions within India and elsewhere in the world. How did this new form of politics come about? David Hardiman shows that it was based on a larger vision of an alternative society, one that emphasized mutual respect, resistance to exploitation, nonviolence, and ecological harmony.
Politics was just one of the many directions in which Gandhi sought to activate this peculiarly personal vision, and its practice involved experiments in relation to his opponents. From representatives of the British Raj to Indian advocates of violent resistance, from right-wing religious leaders to upholders of caste privilege, Gandhi confronted entrenched groups and their even more entrenched ideologies with a deceptively simple ethic of resistance. Hardiman examines Gandhi's ways of conducting his conflicts with all these groups, as well as with his critics on the left and representatives of the Dalits. He also explores another key issue in Gandhi's life and legacy: his ideas about and attitudes toward women.
Despite inconsistencies and limitations, and failures in his personal life, Gandhi has become a beacon for posterity. The uncompromising honesty of his politics and moral activism has inspired such figures as Jayaprakash Narayan, Medha Patkar, Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, and Petra Kelly and influenced a series of new social movements -- by environmentalists, antiwar campaigners, feminists, and human rights activists, among others -- dedicated to the principle of a more just world.
Preface 1. Introduction: The Gandhian Dialogic 2. An Incorporative NationalismForging a Nationalist HegemonyThe Disciplined NationInvented Histories of the Nation 3. Dialogic ResistancePopular Forms of Mass Resistance in IndiaSatryagrahaIndividual ConscienceAhimsaSatryagraha Within the Indian Polity 4. Al Alternative ModernityHind SwarajA Gandhian Civilisationthe Contructive ProgrammeGandhi, Socialism, and the Doctrine of TrusteeshipThe Gandhian Critique Beyond India 5. Fear of the NationGandhi's Family LifeGandhi and Sexual DesireMarriage and PatriarchyWomen and SatyagrahaThe Critique of Patriarchy 6. Dalit and Adivasi AssertionDalitsAdivasisDalits, Adivasis, and the Indian Nation 7. Fighting Religious HatredsGandhi, Muslims, and Hindu NationalistsThe 'National Duty' of the Hindu PatriotGandhi and ChristianityPartition and Gandhi's 'Finest Hour'Gandhian Anti-Communal Work Since Independence 8. Gandhian Activism in India After IndependenceThe Bhoodan and Gramdan MovementsThe Naxalite AlternativeThe JP MovementJP's 'Total Revolution'The Chhatra Yuva Sangharsh VahiniWomen and Anti-Liquor Movements in IndiaVahini and Women's RightsChipko AndolanNarmada Bachao AndolanGandhian Activism Since 1980 9. Gandhi's Global LegacySome Contemporary Western ReactionsGandhi and the Pacifist MovementGandhian Resistance on a World StageThe African-American Struggle in the USAThe Revolt Against Apartheid in South AfricaPetra Kelly and the German Greens 10. The Moral Activists' Lonely Path to Martyrdom BibliographyIndex
"It certainly ranks among the most useful books on Gandhi published in the last decade." -- David M. Fahey, Canadian Journal of History