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Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology is a fully revised and updated version of the extensively used and widely cited Karst Geomorphology and Hydrology published in 1989. This systems orientated book is based on the authors' own teaching, research, co … weiterlesen
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Produktdetails

Titel: Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology
Autor/en: Derek C. Ford, Paul Williams

ISBN: 0470849975
EAN: 9780470849972
1. Auflage.
Sprache: Englisch.
Wiley-Blackwell

16. März 2007 - kartoniert - 562 Seiten

Beschreibung

Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology is a fully revised and updated version of the extensively used and widely cited Karst Geomorphology and Hydrology published in 1989. This systems orientated book is based on the authors' own teaching, research, consulting and international experience and includes wide international citations and illustrations


This edition features a stronger emphasis on karst hydrogeology, applied aspects of karst and practical problems of karst as well as computer modelling. New developments in the field such as ground penetrating radar, cosmogenic exposure age dating and mass spectrometer techniques are evaluated


The book provides a comprehensive sequenced discussion covering the significant features of karst rocks, the chemistry and kinetics of their dissolution, regional dissolution and carbon sequestration rates as well as fundamentals of hydrogeology with emphasis on the distinctive triple porosity of karst aquifers, cavern genesis, modelling of karst aquifers, the nature and palaeo-environmental importance of cave deposits, karst landforms at the surface, palaeokarst, applied karst problems, sustainable management and conservation of karst resources.


Karst Hydrogeology and Geomorphology is an invaluable reference for students of karst studies, karst geomorphology and groundwater hydrogeology as well as hydrogeologists, geomorphologists and civil engineers practicing in regions with karst rocks.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION TO KARST.
1.1 Definitions.

1.2 The Relationship Between Karst And General Geomorphology And Hydrogeology.

1.3 The Global Distribution Of Karst.

1.4 The Growth Of Ideas.

1.5 Aims Of The Book.

1.6 Karst Terminology.

CHAPTER 2. THE KARST ROCKS.

2.1 Carbonate Rocks And Minerals.

2.2 Limestone Compositions And Depositional Facies.

2.3 Limestone Diagenesis And The Formation Of Dolomite.

2.4 The Evaporite Rocks.

2.5. Quartzites And Siliceous Sandstones.

2.6 Effects Of Lithologic Properties Upon Karst Development.

2.7 Interbedded Clastic Rocks.

2.8 Bedding Planes, Joints, Faults And Fracture Traces.

2.9 Fold Topography.

2.10 Paleokarst Unconformities.

CHAPTER 3. DISSOLUTION: CHEMICAL AND KINETIC BEHAVIOUR OF THE KARST ROCKS.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Aqueous Solutions And Chemical Equilibria.

3.3 The Dissolution Of Anhydrite, Gypsum And Salt.

3.4 The Dissolution Of Silica.

3.5 Bicarbonate Equilibria And The Dissolution Of Carbonate Rocks In Normal Meteoric Waters.

3.6 The S-O-H System And The Dissolution Of Carbonate Rocks.

3.7 Chemical Complications In Carbonate Dissolution.

3.8 Biokarst Processes.

3.9 Measurements In The Field And Lab; Computer Programs.

3.10 Dissolution And Precipitation Kinetics Of Karst Rocks.

CHAPTER 4. DISTRIBUTION AND RATE OF KARST DENUDATION.

4.1 Global Variations In The Solutional Denudation Of Carbonate Terrains.

4.2 Measurement And Calculation Of Solutional Denudation Rates.

4.3 Solution Rates In Gypsum, Salt And Other Non-Carbonate Rocks.

4.4 Interpretation Of Measurements.

CHAPTER 5. KARST HYDROLOGY.

5.1 Basic Hydrological Concepts, Terms And Definitions.

5.2 Controls On The Development Of Karst Hydrologic Systems.

5.3 Energy Supply And Flow Network Development.

5.4 Development Of The Water Table And Phreatic Zones.

5.5 Development Of The Vadose Zone.

5.6 Classification And Characteristics Of Karst Aquifers.

5.7 Applicability Of Darcy s Law To Karst.

5.8 The Fresh Water/Salt Water Interface.

CHAPTER 6. ANALYSIS OF KARST DRAINAGE SYSTEMS.

6.1 The Grey Box Nature Of Karst.

6.2 Surface Exploration And Survey Techniques.

6.3 Investigating Recharge And Percolation In The Vadose Zone.

6.4 Borehole Analysis.

6.5 Spring Hydrograph Analysis.

6.6 Polje Hydrograph Analysis.

6.7 Spring Chemograph Interpretation.

6.8 Storage Volumes And Flow Routing Under Different States Of The Hydrograph.

6.9 Interpreting The Organisation Of A Karst Aquifer.

6.10 Water Tracing Techniques.

6.11 Computer Modelling Of Karst Aquifers.

CHAPTER 7. SPELEOGENESIS: THE DEVELOPMENT OF CAVE SYSTEMS.

7.1 Classifying Cave Systems.

7.2 Building The Plan Patterns Of Unconfined Caves.

7.3 Unconfined Cave Development In Length And Depth.

7.4 System Modifications Occurring Within A Single Phase.

7.5 Multi-Phase Cave Systems.

7.6 Meteoric Water Caves Developed Where There Is Confined Circulation Or Basal Injection Of Water.

7.7 Hypogene Caves: (A) Hydrothermal Caves Associated Chiefly With Co 2 .

7.8 Hypogene Caves: (B) Caves Formed By Waters Containing H 2 s.

7.9 Sea Coast Eogenetic Caves.

7.10 Passage Cross-Sections And Smaller Features Of Erosional Morphology.

7.11 Condensation, Condensation Corrosion, And Weathering In Caves.

7.12 Breakdown In Caves.

CHAPTER 8. CAVE INTERIOR DEPOSITS.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Clastic Sediments.

8.3 Calcite, Aragonite And Other Carbonate Precipitates.

8.4 Other Cave Minerals.

8.5 Ice In Caves.

8.6 Dating Of Calcite Speleothems And Other Cave Deposits.

8.7 Paleo-Environmental Analysis Of Calcite Speleothems.

8.8 Mass Flux Through A Cave System: The Example Of Friar's Hole, W.Va.

CHAPTER 9. KARST LANDFORM DEVELOPMENT IN HUMID REGIONS.

9.1 Coupled Hydrological And Geochemical Systems.

9.2 Small Scale Solution Sculpture - Microkarren And Karren.

9.3 Dolines - The Diag

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Pressestimmen

"...nobody who studies karst in any or all of its aspects can afford to overlook or disregard this book." ( International Journal of Speleology Volume 36 , 2007)
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