Titel: The Sea Floor
Autor/en: Eugen Seibold, Wolfgang H. Berger
An Introduction to Marine Geology.
3rd ed. 1996.
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
6. Februar 1996 - gebunden - 376 Seiten
Man's understanding of how this planet is put together and how it evolved has changed radically during the last 30 years. This great revolution in geology - now usually subsumed under the concept of Plate Tectonics - brought the realization that convection within the Earth is responsible for the origin of today's ocean basins and conti nents, and that the grand features of the Earth's surface are the product of ongoing large-scale horizontal motions. Some of these notions were put forward earlier in this century (by A. Wegener, in 1912, and by A. Holmes, in 1929), but most of the new ideas were an outgrowth of the study of the ocean floor after World War II. In its impact on the earth sciences, the plate tectonics revolution is comparable to the upheaval wrought by the ideas of Charles Darwin (1809-1882), which started the intense discussion on the evolution of the biosphere that has recently heated up again. Darwin drew his inspiration from observations on island life made during the voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836), and his work gave strong impetus to the first global oceanographic expedition, the voyage of HMS Challenger (1872- 1876). Ever since, oceanographic research has been intimately associ ated with fundamental advances in the knowledge of Earth. This should come as no surprise. After all, our planet's surface is mostly ocean.
1 Origin and Morphology of Ocean Basins.- 2 Origin and Morphology of Ocean Margins.- 3 Sources and Composition of Marine Sediments.- 4 Effects of Waves and Currents.- 5 Sea Level Processes and Effects of Sea Level Change.- 6 Productivity and Benthic Organisms - Distribution, Activity, and Environmental Reconstruction.- 7 Imprint of Climatic Zonation on Marine Sediments.- 8 Deep-Sea Sediments - Patterns, Processes, and Stratigraphic Methods.- 9 Paleoceanography - The Deep-Sea Record.- 10 Resources from the Ocean Floor.- Epilog.- List of Books and Symposia.- A1 Conversion Between Common US Units and Metric Units.- A2 Topographic Statistics.- A3 The Geologic Time Scale.- A4 Common Minerals.- A5 Grain Size Classification for Sediments.- A6 Common Rock Types.- A7 Geochemical Statistics.- A8 Radio-Isotopes and Dating.- A9 Systematic Overview for Major Groups of Common Marine Organisms Important in Sea floor Processes.- Index of Names.
"This book is extremely readable for a non-geologist and is an extremely valuable source of information for all marine biologists interested in the interaction of their field with earth sciences." - Marine Ecology
"Seibold and Berger's book is a classic!" - Geo Journal