Titel: The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path
Autor/en: Gil Loescher
OXFORD UNIV PR
Mai 2001 - kartoniert - 448 Seiten
Over fifty years ago, governments established the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to be a human rights and advocacy organization. This is the first independent history of this highly important establishment. Gil Loescher, one of the world's leading experts on refugee affairs, draws upon decades of personal experience and research to examine the origins and evolution of the UNHCR, identifying many of the major challenges facing the organization in the years ahead. A key focus is the extent to which the evolution of the UNHCR has been framed by the crucial events of international politics during the past half century and how, in turn, the actions of the eight past High Commissioners have helped shape the course of world history. In the end, Loescher offers a series of bold policy recommendations aimed at making the agency a more effective and accountable advocate for the millions of refugees in the world today.
1. The UNHCR at 50: State Pressures and Institutional Autonomy; 2. International Recognition of Refugees; 3. The Cold War Origins of the UNHCR under Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart; 4. The Emerging Independence of the UNHCR under Auguste Lindt; 5. 'The Good Offices' and Expansion into Africa under Felix Schnyder; 6. The Global Expansion of the UNHCR under Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan; 7. The New Cold War and the UNCHR under Poul Hartling; 8. The UNHCR's 'New Look', Financial Crisis, and Collapse of Morale under Jean-Pierre Hocke and Thorvald Stoltenberg; 9. The Post-Cold War Era and the UNHCR under Sadako Ogata; 10. Towards the Future: the UNHCR in the Twenty-First Century
Gill Loescher is overwhelmingly good on the decision-making of past High Commissioners as it relates to the international operations of the UNHCR, and the internal bureaucracy of the UNHCR insofar as this affects its operational capacity. In its detail on those operations Loescher's book does exactly what it says on the tin, and is the superlative modern political history of the UNHCR. International and Comparative Law Quarterly Aside from being a masterful overview of UNHCR and the evolution of the refugee crisis over the last fifty years, this book is a remarkable example of the blending of disciplinary approaches. I should imagine it will be of particular value to postgraduates and academics in International Relations or Political Science, but will also prove valuable for scholars in related disciplines, including Geography, Sociology and History. It should also be required reading for every employee of UNHCR. It is well-written, smartly produced and the bibliography and index are valuable props. Millennium: Journal of International Studies Gil Loescher provides the first systematic analysis of [the] remarkable transformation of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) ... In writing this volume, he has had access to UNHCR documents and staff that I imagine is unique for an academic, and has also interviewed a number of the previous High Commissioners. Still, he has maintained his independence and has produced a balanced analysis that is critical when it is needed. Millennium: Journal of International Studies