Titel: Appropriated Pasts: Indigenous Peoples and the Colonial Culture of Archaeology
Autor/en: Ian J. McNiven, Lynette Russell
September 2005 - gebunden - 317 Seiten
Archaeology has been complicit in the appropriation of indigenous peoples' pasts worldwide. While tales of blatant archaeological colonialism abound from the era of empire, the process also took more subtle and insidious forms. Ian McNiven and Lynette Russell outline archaeology's _colonial culture_ and how it has shaped archaeological practice over the past century. Using examples from their native Australia--and comparative material from North America, Africa, and elsewhere--the authors show how colonized peoples were objectified by research, had their needs subordinated to those of science, were disassociated from their accomplishments by theories of diffusion, watched their histories reshaped by western concepts of social evolution, and had their cultures appropriated toward nationalist ends. The authors conclude by offering a decolonized archaeological practice through collaborative partnership with native peoples in understanding their past.
Chapter 1 Colonial Culture of Archaeology Chapter 2 Progressivism: The Invention of Prehistory Chapter 3 Antiquation: Aboriginal Peoples as Living Fossils Chapter 4 Migrationism: The Archaeology of Dispossession Chapter 5 Diffusionism: The Archaeology of Alienation Chapter 6 Subjectation: Appropration Through Science Chapter 7 Shared Nations: The New Appropriation Chapter 8 Partnerships: Pathways to a Decolonised Practice Chapter 9 References Chapter 10 Index
Ian J. McNiven is Senior Lecturer and co-director of the Programme for Australian Indigenous Archaeology within the School of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University.
The authors have given solid support to their goal of producing a manuscript that calls attention not only to the ways that archaeology has been used to subordinate, objectify, and appropriate the heritage and past of indigenous populations in Australia but they have found the means of supporting that goal through lucid writing and documentation. The text will be a useful tool to social scientists studying the issues inherent in Indigenous studies and reflexive examinations of archaeology as a political enterprise, as well as to those archaeologists in North America or in Australia struggling with the idea of a shared stewardship. As such, I see the volume as being a major textbook within classes examining Indigenous Archaeology and Critical Archaeology courses of study. -- Joe Watkins, University of New Mexico A good read, informative and thought-provoking. Summing Up: Recommended. Most levels/libraries. CHOICE The authors effectively utilize Australian archaeology and its relationship with indigenous people in order to present their argument, but with themes directed at wider audiences with varying interests, including archaeologists and anthropologists, historians and social scientists. Museum Anthropology For the historian wanting to learn about the history of a highly relevant discipline, Appropriated Pasts is a very good starting point. In exposing the national impacts of archaeology's history, we come face to face with many of the lingering cultural assumptions that inform our visual and textual reference languages. This book presents numerous profound insights into a scientific practice that has shaped our views of Aboriginal peoples. -- Ann McGrath, Australian National University Australian Historical Studies This voume is well suited as a textbook in archaeology, Native Studies, and other disciplines. It will clearly be read and widely cited for years to come on several continents. Canadian Journal Of Archaeology I found this book enjoyable and stimulating. It is a thoughtful summation of the sins of our archaeological ancestors. -- 2007 Aboriginal History The book contains an important mapping of 'western' thoughts that influenced certain archaeologies and some fascinating case studies that help especially outsiders better understand Australia's many pasts. South African Archaeological Bulletin Incisive and thought-provoking. A volume that touches all facets of archaeology because of the seriousness of the issues it raises. -- Claire Smith, Flinders University and President of the World Archaeological Congress