Titel: The Historical Development of Quantum Theory
Autor/en: Jagdish Mehra, Helmut Rechenberg
Part 1 The Fundamental Equations of Quantum Mechanics 1925-1926 Part 2 The Reception of the New Quantum Mechanics 1925-1926.
'The Historical Development of Quantum Theory'.
1st ed. 1982. 1st softcover printing 2000.
Springer New York
28. Dezember 2000 - kartoniert - 332 Seiten
Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human struggles that accompanied it from the beginning. Drawing upon such materials as the resources of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics, the Niels Bohr Archives, and the archives and scientific correspondence of the principal quantum physicists, as well as Jagdish Mehra's personal discussions over many years with most of the architects of quantum theory, the authors have written a rigorous scientific history of quantum theory in a deeply human context. This multivolume work presents a rich account of an intellectual triumph: a unique analysis of the creative scientific process. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is science, history, and biography, all wrapped in the story of a great human enterprise. Its lessons will be an aid to those working in the sciences and humanities alike.
I: The Fundamental Equations of Quantum Mechanics, 1925-1926.- I Paul Dirac's Intellectual Development.- I.1 Growing Up in Bristol.- I.2 The Education of an Electrical Engineer.- I.3 Studying Applied Mathematics.- I.4 The Fascination of Relativity Theory.- II Student in Cambridge.- II.1 The Cambridge Environment.- II.2 Quantum Theory in Cambridge.- II.3 Activities of a Student: Lectures, Seminars and Private Study.- III The Making of a Quantum Physicist.- III.1 First Steps in Research.- III.2 The Principle of Detailed Balancing.- III.3 An Extension of the Adiabatic Principle.- III.4 Growing Involvement in Quantum Physics.- IV The Reformulation of Dynamical Laws.- IV.1 Key to the Quantum Mystery.- IV.2 The Dynamical Significance of Noncommutativity.- IV.3 Steps towards a Quantum Algebra.- IV.4 The Hamiltonian Scheme of Quantum Mechanics.- V q-Numbers at Work.- V.1 On q- and c-Numbers.- V.2 The Introduction of Action-Angle Variables.- V.3 A Preliminary Investigation of Many-Electron Atoms.- V.4 Quantum Time and 'Relativity Quantum Mechanics'.- V.5 Towards New Horizons.- 2: The Reception of the New Quantum Mechanics, 1925-1926.- I A Welcome to the New Theory: Göttingen and Copenhagen.- II Propagation of Quantum Mechanics in Europe.- III Early Reviews and Lectures on Quantum Mechanics.- IV Enthusiastic Response in the United States.- V The Changing Horizon.- References.- Author Index.
Comments by distinguished physicists on "The Historical Development of Quantum Theory":||"...the most definitive work undertaken by anyone on this vast and most important development in the history of physics. Jagdish Mehra, trained in theoretical physics under Pauli, Heisenberg, and Dirac, pursued the vision of his youth to write about the historical and conceptual development of quantum theory in the 20th century...This series of books on the HDQT has thus become the most authentic and permanent source of our knowledge of how quantum theory, its extensions and applications developed. My heartfelt congratulations."|-Hans A. Bethe, Nobel Laureate||"A thrilling and magnificent achievement!"|-Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, FRS, Nobel Laureate||"...capture(s) precisely, accurately, and thoroughly the very essence and all the fundamental details of the theory, and that is a remarkable achievement...I have greatly enjoyed reading these books and learned so many new things from them. This series of books will remain a permanent source of knowledge about the creation and development of quantum theory. Congratulations!"|-Paul A. Dirac, FRS, Nobel Laureate||"The wealth and accuracy of detail in 'The Historical Development of Quantum Theory' are breathtaking."|-Richard P. Feynman, Nobel Laureate