Titel: The Two Faces of Justice
Autor/en: Jiwei CI
PAPERBACKSHOP UK IMPORT
Mai 2006 - gebunden - 252 Seiten
Justice is a human virtue that is at once unconditional and conditional. Under favorable circumstances, we can be motivated to act justly by the belief that we must live up to what justice requires, irrespective of whether we benefit from doing so. But our will to act justly is subject to conditions. We find it difficult to exercise the virtue of justice when others regularly fail to. Even if we appear to have overcome the difficulty, our reluctance often betrays itself in certain moral emotions. In this book, Jiwei Ci explores the dual nature of justice, in an attempt to make unitary sense of key features of justice reflected in its close relation to resentment, punishment, and forgiveness. Rather than pursue a search for normative principles, he probes the human psychology of justice to understand what motivates moral agents who seek to behave justly, and why their desire to be just is as precarious as it is uplifting. A wide-ranging treatment of enduring questions, "The Two Faces of Justice" can also be read as a remarkably discerning contribution to the Western discourse on justice re-launched in our time by John Rawls.
Introduction 1. Elements of a Just Disposition 2. The Subjective Circumstances of Justice 3. The Objective Circumstances of Justice 4. The Idea of Voluntary Justice 5. The Moral Reach of Rational Egoism 6. Impartiality and Justification 7. A Progress of Reciprocity 8. Two Paths to Unconditional Justice 9. Forgetting and Resentment 10. Individual Forgiveness, Social Resentment 11. Justice and the Moralization of Sympathy 12. Justice as a Conscious Virtue Index
Jiwei Ci teaches moral and political philosophy at the University of Hong Kong and the University of Wuhan.
Ci's account of justice is perhaps one of the most in-depth discussions on the subject published in recent years. Showing an impressive understanding of the works of the major philosophers that have helped to shape western philosophy, Ci's work is an attempt to address some of the frequently debated philosophical questions about the nature of social and personal justice, reciprocity, altruism, egoism, forgiveness, resentment, and virtue. The author's approach is refreshing though demanding in terms of the philosophical literacy it expects from its reader. Ci attempts to bring together the objective and the subjective aspects of justice to show how justice is both an institution of society, white the law must seek to protect in order to ensure reciprocity between its members, as well as a personal disposition and human desire. The main argument of the book, therefore, as its title suggests, is that justice has two faces: one conditional, the other unconditional...Ci's ability to account for the two faces of justice is what makes his book so provocative and original. It prompts the reader to reconsider his/her philosophical stance vis-a-vis justice and to align it more closely to what we know about the psychological and moral make-up of human beings...It is clear that Ci's book will provoke much discussion in a plethora of contexts. -- Ann Marie Mealey Ethical Perspectives 20061201 One of the best things about the book is the way in which it juxtaposes close, plausible, and revealing readings of discussions of moral psychology by a very wide range of authors who are not ordinarily brought into contact. Rawls, Strawson, Barry, Scanlon, Williams, Gibbard, Gauthier, and Hampshire rub shoulders not only with Hume, Kant, and Habermas, but also with Schopenhauer, Arendt, Scheler, Tillich, Niebuhr, Kierkegaard, and, above all, the early Nietzsche. I found these juxtapositions often as revealing as they are unexpected...Ci's story has a rich specificity...I found many of the details both provocative and plausible. His exploration of the reciprocity which many recent writers have placed in the very center of our moral motivations seemed to me to uncover many plausible connections and aspects which are sometimes overlooked in standard discussions. And moral and social philosophers would benefit from exposure to the wider than normal range of classical accounts which Ci explores. -- Joseph Mendola Mind This is a superb philosophical essay. It is elegantly written, imaginative, surprising in ways both large and small, carefully thought through, and embedded in generous readings of other work on justice. It is also deep in many respects--<emphasis>deep in the sense that it regularly uncovers unfamiliar connections between familiar ideas, and brings those connections into focus as central features of the theory and practice of justice...The book is not intended to be a novel theory of justice, or a comprehensive treatise on the subject. It is rather a carefully structured and persistently pursued meditation on the connection between justice and reciprocity, as well as on the moral psychology that defines both a central problem for a theory of justice, and the all-too-human limits of the problem's resolution. -- Lawrence Becker Social Theory and Practice 20070701