Titel: Producing Open Source Software: How to Run a Successful Free Software Project
Autor/en: Karl Fogel
November 2005 - kartoniert - 279 Seiten
The corporate market is now embracing free, "open source" software like never before, as evidenced by the recent success of the technologies underlying LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP). Each is the result of a publicly collaborative process among numerous developers who volunteer their time and energy to create better software.
The truth is, however, that the overwhelming majority of free software projects fail. To help you beat the odds, O'Reilly has put together Producing Open Source Software, a guide that recommends tried and true steps to help free software developers work together toward a common goal. Not just for developers who are considering starting their own free software project, this book will also help those who want to participate in the process at any level.
The book tackles this very complex topic by distilling it down into easily understandable parts. Starting with the basics of project management, it details specific tools used in free software projects, including version control, IRC, bug tracking, and Wikis. Author Karl Fogel, known for his work on CVS and Subversion, offers practical advice on how to set up and use a range of tools in combination with open mailing lists and archives. He also provides several chapters on the essentials of recruiting and motivating developers, as well as how to gain much-needed publicity for your project.
While managing a team of enthusiastic developers -- most of whom you've never even met -- can be challenging, it can also be fun. Producing Open Source Software takes this into account, too, as it speaks of the sheer pleasure to be had from working with a motivated team of free software developers.
Foreword Preface 1. Introduction History The Situation Today 2. Getting Started First, Look Around Starting from What You Have Choosing a License and Applying It Setting the Tone Announcing 3. Technical Infrastructure What a Project Needs Mailing Lists Version Control Bug Tracker IRC/Real-Time Chat Systems Wikis Web Site 4. Social and Political Infrastructure Forkability Benevolent Dictators Consensus-Based Democracy Writing It All Down 5. Money Types of Involvement Hire for the Long Term Appear as Many, Not as One Be Open About Your Motivations Money Can't Buy You Love Contracting Funding Non-Programming Activities Marketing 6. Communications You Are What You Write Avoiding Common Pitfalls Difficult People Handling Growth No Conversations in the Bug Tracker Publicity 7. Packaging, Releasing, and Daily Development Release Numbering Release Branches Stabilizing a Release Packaging Testing and Releasing Maintaining Multiple Release Lines Releases and Daily Development 8. Managing Volunteers Getting the Most Out of Volunteers Share Management Tasks as Well as Technical Tasks Transitions Committers Credit Forks 9. Licenses, Copyrights, and Patents Terminology Aspects of Licenses The GPL and License Compatibility Choosing a License Copyright Assignment and Ownership Dual Licensing Schemes Patents Further Resources A. Free Version Control Systems B. Free Bug Trackers C. Why Should I Care What Color the Bikeshed Is?D. Example Instructions for Reporting Bugs Index
Karl Fogel co-founded Cyclic Software, a company offering commercial CVS support. In 1999 he added support for CVS anonymous read-only repository access, inaugurating a new standard for access to development sources in open source projects. That same year, he wrote "Open Source Development With CVS" (published by Coriolis), now in its third edition via Paraglyph Press.