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Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

4th Edition. Illustrations. Sprache: Englisch.
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Produktdetails

Titel: Introduction to Physical Polymer Science
Autor/en: Leslie Howard Sperling

ISBN: 047170606X
EAN: 9780471706069
4th Edition.
Illustrations.
Sprache: Englisch.
John Wiley and Sons Ltd

23. November 2005 - gebunden - 880 Seiten

Beschreibung

An Updated Edition of the Classic Text

Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives, fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success of polymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing to deliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that made its predecessors classic texts.

The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous and crystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, and mechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymer blends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics as molecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships among molecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior of polymers continue to provide much of the value of the book.

Newly introduced topics include:
Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliated montmorillonite clays
The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, as well as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with living organisms
The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films

In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy, friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more.

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition provides both an essential introduction to the field as well as an entry point to the latest research and developments in polymer science and engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, and polymer science and engineering students and professionals.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Preface to the Fourth Edition.
Preface to the First Edition.

Symbols and Definitions.

1. Introduction to Polymer Science.

1.1. From Little Molecules to Big Molecules.

1.2. Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distributions.

1.2.1. Effect on Tensile Strength.

1.2.2. Molecular Weight Averages.

1.3. Major Polymer Transitions.

1.4. Polymer Synthesis and Structure.

1.4.1. Chain Polymerization.

1.4.1.1. Free Radical Polymerization.

1.4.1.2. Initiation.

1.4.1.3. Propagation.

1.4.1.4. Termination.

1.4.1.5. Structure and Nomenclature.

1.4.2. Step Polymerization.

1.4.2.1. A Polyester Condensation Reaction.

1.4.2.2. Stepwise Nomenclature and Structures.

1.4.2.3. Natural Product Polymers.

1.5. Cross-Linking, Plasticizers, and Fillers.

1.6. The Macromolecular Hypothesis.

1.7. Historical Development of Industrial Polymers.

1.8. Molecular Engineering.

References.

General Reading.

Handbooks, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries.

Web Sites.

Study Problems.

Appendix 1.1. Names for Polymers.

2. Chain Structure and Configuration.

2.1. Examples of Configurations and Conformations.

2.1.1. Head-to-Head and Head-to-Tail Configurations.

2.1.2. Trans-Gauche Conformations.

2.2. Theory and Instruments.

2.2.1. Chemical Methods of Determining Microstructure.

2.2.2. General Physical Methods.

2.2.3. Infrared and Raman Spectroscopic Characterization.

2.2.4. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Methods.

2.3. Stereochemistry of Repeating Units.

2.3.1. Chiral Centers.

2.3.2. Tacticity in Polymers.

2.3.3. Meso- and Racemic Placements.

2.3.4. Proton Spectra by NMR.

2.4. Repeating Unit Isomerism.

2.4.1. Optical Isomerism.

2.4.2. Geometric Isomerism.

2.4.3. Substitutional Isomerism.

2.4.4. Infrared and Raman Spectroscopic Characterization.

2.5. Common Types of Copolymers.

2.5.1. Unspecified Copolymers.

2.5.2. Statistical Copolymers.

2.5.3. Random copolymers.

2.5.4. Alternating Copolymers.

2.5.5. Periodic Copolymers.

2.6. NMR in Modern Research.

2.6.1. Dilute Solution Studies: Mer Distribution.

2.6.2. High-Resolution NMR in the Solid State.

2.7. Multicomponent Polymers.

2.7.1. Block Copolymers.

2.7.2. Graft Copolymers.

2.7.3. AB-Cross-linked Copolymers.

2.7.4. Interpenetrating Polymer Networks.

2.7.5. Other Polymer-Polymer Combinations.

2.7.6. Separation and Identification of Multicomponent Polymers.

2.8. Conformational States in Polymers.

2.9. Analysis of Polymers during Mechanical Strain.

2.10. Photophysics of Polymers.

2.10.1. Quenching Phenomena.

2.10.2. Excimer Formation.

2.10.3. Experimental Studies.

2.10.3.1. Microstructure of Polystyrene.

2.10.3.2. Excimer Stability.

2.11. Configuration and Conformation.

References.

General Reading.

Study Problems.

Appendix 2.1. Assorted Isomeric and Copolymer Macromolecules.

3. Dilute Solution Thermodynamics, Molecular Weights, and Sizes.

3.1. Introduction.

3.1.1. Polymer Size and Shape.

3.1.2. How Does a Polymer Dissolve?.

3.2. The Solubility Parameter.

3.2.1. Solubility Parameter Tables.

3.2.2. Experimental Determination.

3.2.3. Theoretical Calculation: An Example.

3.3. Thermodynamics of Mixing.

3.3.1. Types of Solutions.

3.3.1.1. The Ideal Solution.

3.3.1.2. Statistical Thermodynamics of Mixing.

3.3.1.3. Other Types of Solutions.

3.3.2. Dilute Solutions.

3.3.3. Values of the Flory-Huggins c1 Parameter.

3.3.4. A Worked Example for the Free Energy of Mixing.

3.4. Molecular Weight Averages.

3.5. Determination of the Number-Average Molecular Weight.

3.5.1. End-Group Analyses.

3.5.2 Colligative Properties.

3.5.3. Osmotic Pressure.

3.5.3.1. Thermodynamic Basis.

3.5.3.2. Instrumentation.

3.5.3.3. The Flory q-Temperature.

3.6. Weight-Average Molecular Weights and Radii of Gyration.

3.6.1. Scattering Theory and Formulations.

3.6.2. The Appr

Portrait

Trained as a chemist, L. H. SPERLING is Professor Emeritus of both Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He remains active in consulting, speaking, and writing.

Leseprobe

Jetzt reinlesen: Leseprobe(pdf)

Pressestimmen

"Anyone in need of a basic text on polymer science would find this to be a very good choice, and it is highly recommended." ( IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine , January/February 2007)
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