Titel: Negotiating Moves: Problem Presentation and Resolution in Japanese Business Discourse
Autor/en: Lindsay Amthor Yotsukura
EMERALD GROUP PUB
Mai 2003 - gebunden - 370 Seiten
This study of Japanese business discourse adopts Bakhtin's notion of speech genres as an heuristic, to analyze groups of spoken texts which display similar constellations of compositional, thematic, and stylistic features. It examines strategies used by a non-Western community of speakers.
Introduction: Objectives; Related linguistic studies on Japanese business discourse and negotiation; Motivation for the study; Identifying and describing a genre - Japanese business transactional telephone conversations; Bakhtin and the notion of speech genres; Focal exchange - problem presentation and resolution; Specific goals of the study; Overview of subsequent chapters. Data and Methodology: Introduction; Recent methods for data elicitation; Rationale for an ethnomethodological approach; Data collection methods for this study; Description of the JBC corpus; The genre of Japanese business transactional telephone conversations; Relevant findings from conversation analysis; Previous studies on offers in Japanese; Closings; Concluding remarks. The Structure of Japanese Business Transactional Telephone Conversations: Introduction; Business transactional calls vs service encounters; Overall structure and identifying register features; Call openings; Transition section; Matter(s) for business discussion; Pre-closing devices; Discussion of other issues or transactions; Concluding remarks. Types of Japanese Business Transactional Telephone Calls: Introduction; General toiawase inquiries; Merchandise orders; Shipping confirmations; Problem reports; Concluding remarks. Problem Presentation and Resolution in Japanese Business Transactional Calls: Introduction; Problem presentation and resolution in JBCs - two examples; Interactional asynchrony in JBCs; Problem reports in English; Problem reporting sequences in English vs; Japanese service encounters; Interactional asynchrony in English - service recipients' accounts vs; service providers' formulations; Problem resolution in English vs; Japanese; Concluding remarks. Cultural and Sociolinguistic Considerations: Introduction; Metalanguage regarding communication in Japanese; Ellipsis and uti/soto deixis; Japan as a high context culture; Concluding remarks; Conclusions. Strategies for reporting problems> The function and distribution of moves toward problem resolution; Role relationships, genre, and cultural norms; Putting genres to use; Areas for future research.
'...this volume offers much new information about the structure of Japanese interaction and will be of tremendous value in the rapidly expanding field of Japanese discourse' Scott Saft, Japanese Language and Literature, Vol 38, issue 1, 2004 "...in what it says about Japanese, its arguments, supported by excellent exemplification throughout the book, are strong, and deserve to be fed into the mainstream of debate on the notion of genre, particularly spoken genres, an area where much work in the construction of theory and analytical frameworks still remains to be done." Michael McCarthy, University of Nottingham, published in Applied Linguistics (2005) 26: 128-131; doi:10.1093/applin/amh045