Titel: Insect-Plant Biology
Autor/en: Louis M. Schoonhoven, Joop J. A. van Loon, Marcel Dicke
2 Revised edition.
213 line drawings, 11 halftones, 2pp colour plates.
Oxford University Press
24. November 2005 - kartoniert - 448 Seiten
Half of all insect species are dependent on living plant tissues, consuming about 10% of plant annual production in natural habitats and an even greater percentage in agricultural systems, despite sophisticated control measures. Plants possess defences that are effective against almost all herbivorous insect species. Host-plant specialization, observed in over 80% of these animals, appears to be an effective adaptation to breach these defence systems. The
mechanisms underlying plant defence to invading herbivores on the one side, and insect adaptations to utilize plants for nutrition, defence and shelter on the other, are the main subjects of this book. In the case of plants exposed to insect herbivores, they include the activation of defence systems in order
to minimize damage, as well as the emission of chemical signals that may attract natural enemies of the invading herbivores and may be exploited by neighbouring plants that mount defences as well. For insects, they include complex bevioural adaptations and their underlying sensory systems (with their implications for learning and nutritional plasticity), as well as the endocrinological aspects of life cycle synchronization with host-plant phenology.
Insect-Plant Biology discusses the operation of these mechanisms at the molecular and organismal levels and explicitly puts these in the context of both ecological interactions and evolutionary processes. In doing so, it uncovers the highly intricate antagonistic as well as mutualistic interactions that have evolved between plants and insects. The book concludes with a chapter on the application of our knowledge of insect-plant interactions to agricultural production.
This multidisciplinary approach will appeal to students in biology, agricultural entomology, ecology, and indeed anyone interested in the principles underlying the relationships between the two largest groups of organisms on earth: plants and insects.
1. Introduction ; 2. Herbivorous insects: something for everyone ; 3. Plant structure: the solidity of anti-herbivore protection ; 4. Plant chemistry: endless variety ; 5. Plants as insect food: not the ideal ; 6. Host-plant selection: how to find a host plant ; 7. Host-plant selection: when to accept a plant ; 8. Host-plant selection: variation is the rule ; 9. The endocrine system of herbivores listens to host-plant signals ; 10. Ecology: living apart together ; 11. Evolution: insects and plants forever in combat ; 12. Insects and flowers: mutualism par excellence ; 13. Insects and plants: how to apply our knowledge ; Appendix A: Further reading ; Appendix B: Structural formulae ; Appendix C: Methodology ; Taxonomic index ; Author index ; Subject index
Louis Schoonhoven: PhD Groningen State University (1962) Staff scientist Wageningen University (1962) Postdocs/sabbaticals Philadelphia, Princeton, London. Professor of Animal Physiology (Wageningen) (1972-1985) Dean of Faculty of Agriculture (1982-1985) Professor of Entomology (Wageningen) (1985-1991). Elected member of Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (1982) Teaching courses in Scandinavia, China, Brazil, Kenya. Editor-in-Chief Entomologia
Experimentalis et Applicata (1972-2002).
Joop van Loon: PhD Wageningen University (1988). Research scientist, Wageningen University (1981) Research scientist, Foundation for Agricultural Plant Breeding (SVP-DLO), Wageningen (1986). Assistant professor, Wageningen University (1989). Associate professor, Wageningen University (- present). Co-editor Entomologia Experimentalis et applicata (2000) Visiting professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (2004).
Marcel Dicke: PhD Wageningen University (1988). Assistant Professor, Wageningen University (1985). Uyttenboogaart-Eliasen Professor of Insect-Plant Interactions, especially Tritrophic Interactions (1997). Professor of Entomology and head of Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University (2003). Member of editorial boards of Journal of Chemical Ecology (1999), Biochemical Systematics and Ecology (1995), Journal of Ethology (1999-present), Ecological Entomology (2001), Insect Science (2005).
Netherlands Zoology Prize (Netherlands Society for Zoology 1992), Belgacom Prize (Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences, 1996), VICI grant (Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research NWO, 2002).
This is an outstanding reference to past and recent work on plant-insect interactions. Kailen Mooney, The Quarterly Review of Biology, Vol 82