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Treatise on Basic Philosophy

von M. Bunge
Ontology II: A World of Systems. 'Treatise on Basic Philosophy'. Auflage 1979. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
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The book brings together research communities from different disciplines and countries, and offers an exchange about theoretical frameworks and practical experiences to guide research and policy 'towards environmental innovation systems'. The contrib... weiterlesen
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Produktdetails
Titel: Treatise on Basic Philosophy
Autor/en: M. Bunge

ISBN: 9027709440
EAN: 9789027709448
Ontology II: A World of Systems.
'Treatise on Basic Philosophy'.
Auflage 1979.
Book.
Sprache: Englisch.
Springer Netherlands

30. April 1979 - gebunden - 334 Seiten

Beschreibung

The book brings together research communities from different disciplines and countries, and offers an exchange about theoretical frameworks and practical experiences to guide research and policy 'towards environmental innovation systems'. The contributions selected explore new directions of research at the borderline between two established research traditions: systems of innovation and environmental innovations. For this purpose, the book draws on recent conceptual and empirical insights as well as on policy-oriented analyses. It is structured according to the four main areas of interest with respect to environmental innovation systems: conceptual foundations, empirical experiences, strategic approaches, and experiences with policy instruments.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

of Ontology II.- 1. System.- 1. Basic Concepts.- 1.1. Aggregate and System.- 1.2. Concrete System: Definition.- 1.3. More of the Same.- 1.4. Subsystem.- 1.5. Level.- 1.6. Systems Association.- 1.7. Other Kinds of System: Property and Functional.- 1.8. Concluding Remarks.- 2. System Representations.- 2.1. Coupling Graphs and Matrices.- 2.2. The State Space Representation.- 3. Basic Assumptions.- 3.1. Structural Matters.- 3.2. Assembly and Emergence.- 3.3. Selection.- 3.4. Evolution.- 4. Systemicity.- 4.1. Integration, Cohesion, Coordination.- 4.2. Holism, Atomism, Systemism.- 5. Concluding Remarks.- 2. Chemism.- 1. Chemical System.- 1.1. Atom.- 1.2. Molecule.- 1.3. Chemical System.- 1.4. Chemical Reaction.- 1.5. Chemical Control.- 2. Biochemical System.- 2.1. Biomolecule.- 2.2. DNA Replication, and RNA and Protein Synthesis.- 2.3. Biochemical System.- 2.4. Concluding Remarks.- 3. Life.- 1. From Chemism to Life.- 1.1. Self-Organization of Biochemical Systems.- 1.2. Definition of a Biosystem.- 1.3. Cell and Organism, Biospecies and Biopopulation.- 1.4. Biolevel.- 1.5. Concluding Remarks.- 2. Biofunction.- 2.1. Health and Death.- 2.2. Function and Value.- 2.3. Biocontrol.- 2.4. Development.- 2.5. Reproduction and Heredity.- 2.6. Development, Heredity, and the Metaphysical Tradition.- 3. Evolution.- 3.1. Adaptation.- 3.2. Adaptation Mechanism.- 3.3. Evolution and Coevolution: Basic Ideas.- 3.4. A Schema of the Evolutionary Process.- 3.5. The Underlying Mechanism.- 3.6. Bioprogress.- 4. Concluding Remarks.- 4. Mind.- 1. Central Nervous System.- 1.1. Philosophical Background.- 1.2. Neural Units.- 1.3. Initial Definitions.- 1.4. Basic Assumptions.- 2. Brain States.- 2.1. Brain Functions.- 2.2. Mental States and Processes.- 2.3. Psychosomatic Interaction.- 2.4. Location of the Mind.- 2.5. Mentalist Predicates.- 3. Sensation to Valuation.- 3.1. Sensing and Perceiving.- 3.2. Mapping Body and Environment.- 3.3. Behavior: Definitions and Principles.- 4. Recall to Knowledge.- 4.1. Memory and Learning.- 4.2. Expectation and Purpose.- 4.3. Thinking.- 4.4. Cognition and Decision.- 4.5. Creativity.- 5. Self to Society.- 5.1. Awareness, Consciousness, Will.- 5.2. Person and Self.- 5.3. Social Behavior.- 5.4. The Root of Social Cohesion.- 5.5. Communication.- 5.6. Protoeconomy, Protoculture, Protopolity.- 6. Concluding Remarks.- 5. Society.- 1. Human Society.- 1.1. Definitions.- 1.2. Subsystem, Supersystem. Specific Function.- 1.3. Institution.- 2. Social Subsystems and Supersystems.- 2.1. Work.- 2.2. Labor.- 2.3. Cultural and Managerial Work.- 2.4. The Main Subsystems of a Human Society.- 2.5. The Supersystems: Nation and World.- 3. Economy, Culture, and Polity.- 3.1. The Economic System.- 3.2. The Cultural System.- 3.3. The Political System.- 4. Social Structure.- 4.1. Root Social Relations.- 4.2. Social Structure.- 4.3. Differentiation and Cohesion.- 4.4. Social Relations and Structures: Real?.- 5. Social Change.- 5.1. The Social Structure Approach.- 5.2. History.- 6. Concluding Remarks.- 6. A Systemic World View.- 6.1. A World of Systems.- 6.2. System Genera.- 6.3. Novelty Sources.- 6.4. Emergence.- 6.5. Systemism Supersedes Atomism and Holism.- 6.6. Synopsis.- Appendix A. System models.- 1. Input-Output Models.- 1.1. The Black Box.- 1.2. Connecting Black Boxes.- 1.3. Control System.- 1.4. Stability and Breakdown.- 2. Grey Box Models.- 2.1. Generalities.- 2.2. Deterministic Automata.- 2.3. Probabilistic Automata.- 2.4. Information Systems.- Appendix B. Change models.- 1 Kinematical Models.- 1.1. Global Kinematics.- 1.2. Analytical Kinematics.- 1.3. Balance Equations.- 1.4. Lagrangian Framework.- 1.5. Kinematical Analogy.- 2. Dynamical Models.- 2.1. Generalities.- 2.2. Formalities.- 2.3. The Pervasiveness of Cooperation and Competition.- 2.4. The Dynamics of Competitive-Cooperative Processes.- 3. Qualitative Change Models.- 3.1. Kinematical: Birth and Death Operators.- 3.2. Dynamical: Random Hits.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.
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