Titel: Plastic Deformation in Nanocrystalline Materials
Autor/en: Mikhail Gutkin, Ilya Ovid'ko
'Springer Series in Materials Science'.
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
8. April 2004 - gebunden - 204 Seiten
It seems there is no special need to comment on the term 'nanostructure' now, when one often meets the 'nano' words not only in scientific journals but even in newspapers. Moreover, today they are even to be heard in TV and radio programmes. In academic science, where the terms 'nanostructure' and 'nan otechnology' have been extremely popular since the early 1990s, they have been successfully extended to the sphere of economics and business, and now to politics. This is quite natural because nanostructures and nanotechnolo gies will surely serve as a basis for the most advanced and highest technology production in the nearest and probably also the remote future. Hence, the struggle to create and occupy its markets is already under way. In this respect, it is of great interest to review data on the dynamics of U. S. Federal Goverment expenditure for nanotechnology [1,2]. In the fiscal years 1997 and 2002, expenditure was approximately US$116 and US$ 697 million, respectively. In the fiscal year 2004, the President's request for US federal in vestment in nanoscale science, engineering and technology is about US$ 849 million . The indicative budget allocated to the Thematic Priority enti tled 'Nanotechnologies and nanosciences, knowledge-based multifunctional materials and new production processes and devices' for the duration 2002- 2006 of the sixth EU Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development is EUR 1300 million .
1 Introduction.- 2 Yield Stress of Nanocrystalline Materials.- 3 Localization of Plastic Flow in Nanocrystalline Materials.- 4 Rotational Plastic Deformation in Nanocrystalline Materials.- 5 Disclinations, Amorphization and Cracks at Grain Boundaries in Nanocrystalline Materials.- 6 Conclusion.- References.
Mikhail Yu. Gutkin is Leading Researcher at the Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering (Russian Academy of Sciences, St.Petersburg). Area of expertise: Nano- and micromechanics of plastic deformation in solids; Theory of defects in solids; Micromechanics of nanostructured materials, composites, and thin films; Strain gradient elasticity with application to defects; Boundary-value problems for defects in solids; Interface structures, plasticity, and diffusion. Publications: 3 monographs and more than 180 other scientific publications (papers, patents, reports, etc.)
Ilya Ovid'ko is Head of Laboratory for Nanomechanics and Theory of Defects at Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering (Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg), Principal Editor of "Reviews on Advanced Materials Science" Journal and "Materials Physics and Mechanics" Journal, an organizer of nine (9) international conference (in particular, MRS and TMS Symposia, NATO conferences and workshops) on nanomaterials and nanotechnologies, and an author of four (4) books and about 140 papers in refereed journals in the area of defects and plastic deformation in nanostructured and conventional materials.
From the reviews:
"The authors have been guided by a sincere desire to consider different ideas and present their own view on this topic. ... The book concludes with a list of 464 references which will play a dominant role in helping the researchers during the completion of a project or help in initiating a research study on a particular topic. For many a reader the rewards may be immense. ... Research libraries devoted to materials science collection will find this book in constant demand." (Current Engineering Practice, Vol. 47 (3), 2004 - 2005)