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Otto Hahn and the Rise of Nuclear Physics

'The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science'. Auflage 1983. Book. Sprache: Englisch.
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and less as the emanation unden\'ent radioactive decay, and it became motion­ less after about 30 seconds. Since this process was occurring very rapidly, Hahn and Sackur marked the position of the pointer on a scale with pencil marks. As a timin... weiterlesen
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Titel: Otto Hahn and the Rise of Nuclear Physics

ISBN: 902771584X
EAN: 9789027715845
'The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science'.
Auflage 1983.
Book.
Sprache: Englisch.
Herausgegeben von W. R. Shea
Springer Netherlands

31. August 1983 - gebunden - 268 Seiten

Beschreibung

and less as the emanation unden\'ent radioactive decay, and it became motion­ less after about 30 seconds. Since this process was occurring very rapidly, Hahn and Sackur marked the position of the pointer on a scale with pencil marks. As a timing device they used a metronome that beat out intervals of approximately 1. 3 seconds. This simple method enabled them to determine that the half-life of the emanations of actinium and emanium were the same. Although Giesel's measurements had been more precise than Debierne's, the name of actinium was retained since Debierne had made the discovery first. Hahn now returned to his sample of barium chloride. He soon conjectured that the radium-enriched preparations must harbor another radioactive sub­ stance. The liquids resulting from fractional crystallization, which were sup­ posed to contain radium only, produced two kinds of emanation. One was the long-lived emanation of radium, the other had a short life similar to the emanation produced by thorium. Hahn tried to separate this substance by adding some iron to the solutions that should have been free of radium, but to no avail. Later the reason for his failure became apparent. The element that emitted the thorium emanation was constantly replenished by the ele­ ment believed to be radium. Hahn succeeded in enriching a preparation until it was more than 100,000 times as intensive in its radiation as the same quantity of thorium.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Introduction: from Rutherford to Hahn.
The Nuclear Electron Hypothesis.
The Evolution of Matter: Nuclear Physics, Cosmic Rays, and Robert Millikan's Research Program.
The Discovery of Fission and a Nuclear Physics Paradigm.
Internal and External Conditions for the Discovery of Fission by the Berlin Team.
Otto Hahn, Science, and Social Responsibility.
The Politics of British Science in the Munich Era.
Why Hahn's Radiothorium Surprised Rutherford in Montreal.
The Discovery of Uranium Z by Otto Hahn: The First Example of Nuclear Isomerism.
Nuclear Physics in Candada in the 1930s.

Pressestimmen

`...articles which provide much interesting material on a period of the development of physics which has been relatively neglected by historians of science.'
Centaurus, 28:1

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