Titel: Sleep and Brain Plasticity
Autor/en: P. Maquet, R. Stickgold, Christopher Smith
OXFORD UNIV PR
Juli 2003 - gebunden - 412 Seiten
Sleep has long been a topic of fascination for artists and scientists. Why do we sleep? What function does sleep serve? Why do we dream? What significance can we attach to our dreams? We spend so much of our lives sleeping, yet its precise function is unclear, in spite of our increasing
understanding of the processes generating and maintaining sleep. We now know that sleep can be accompanied by periods of intense cerebral activity, yet only recently has experimental data started to provide us with soem insights into the type of processing taking place in the brain as we sleep.
There is now strong evidence that sleep plays a crucial role in learning and in the consolidation of memories. Once the preserve of psychoanalysts, 'dreaming' is now a topic of increasing interest amongst scientists. With research into sleep growing, this volume is both timely and valuable in
presenting a unique study of the relationship between sleep, learning, and memory. It brings together a team of international scientists researching sleep in both human and animal subjects. Aimed at researchers within the fields of neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, psychiatry, and neurology,
this book will be an important first step in developing a full scientific understanding of one of our most intriguing human characteristics.
Foreword; Introduction; SECTION 1: HUMAN BEHAVIOUR; 1. Memory, cognition, and dreams; 2. Human studies of sleep and off-line memory reprocessing; 3. Roles of early and late nocturnal sleep for the consolidation of human memories; 4. A role for stage 2 sleep in memory processing; SECTION 2: ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR; 5. Expression and modulation of memory traces during paradoxical sleep; 6. The REM sleep window and memory processing; 7. Activation of phasic pontine wave (P-wave): a mechanism of learning and memory processing; 8. The role of sleep in memory processing: the sequential hypothesis; SECTION 3: SLEEP AND NEURAL DEVELOPMENT; 9. Role of REM sleep in brain development and plasticity; 10. The role of sleep in the development of central visual pathways; SECTION 4: SYSTEMS LEVEL; 11. Cerebral correlates of memory consolidation during human sleep: contribution of functional neuroimaging; 12. Off-line reprocessing of recent memory and its role in memory consolidation: a progress report; 13. Maintenance and modification of firing rates and sequences in the hippocampus: does sleep play a role?; 14. Neuronal plasticity during sleep oscillations in corticothalamic systems; SECTION 5: CELLULAR LEVEL; 15. Molecular mechanisms of memory consolidation; 16. Recent evidence of memory processing in sleep; 17. Sleep modulation of the expression of plasticity markers
an essential addition to the shelves of any sleep laboratory, and a useful one for any concerned with memory. JNNP This is an excellent new book covering the role of sleep in learning and memory. Written and edited by an outstanding and internationally recognized team of researchers in the field, this book is a valuable contribution to the cognitive neuroscience of sleep and learning ... I highly recommend it to anyone interested in this fascinating area of research. Doody's Journal