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Physics and Chemistry of Electrons and Ions in Condensed Matter

'NATO Science Series C / Mathematical and Physical Sciences (Continued Within NATO Science Series II: Mathematics,…
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xvii PART I PROPERTIES OF CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS The Effective U in Oxides and in Sulfides: Conceptual Phase Diagrams and their Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . . -. . . . . . . . 1 John B. Goodenough 1. Definitions 1 2. Intera … weiterlesen
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Physics and Chemistry of Electrons and Ions in Condensed Matter als Buch

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Titel: Physics and Chemistry of Electrons and Ions in Condensed Matter

ISBN: 9027717990
EAN: 9789027717993
'NATO Science Series C / Mathematical and Physical Sciences (Continued Within NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry)'.
Auflage 1984.
Book.
Sprache: Englisch.
Herausgegeben von J. V. Acrivos, A. D. Joffe, N. F. Mott
Springer Netherlands

30. September 1984 - gebunden - 750 Seiten

Beschreibung

xvii PART I PROPERTIES OF CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS The Effective U in Oxides and in Sulfides: Conceptual Phase Diagrams and their Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . . -. . . . . . . . 1 John B. Goodenough 1. Definitions 1 2. Interatomic interactions 23 References 44 Electron Correlations in Elementary Structures. The Case of Weak Correlations: Metallic and Covalent Bondings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 J. Friedel Introduct i on 45 1. The H2 molecule 46 2. Other elementary diatomic molecules 52 3. Metallic aggregates 53 4. Macroscopic phases of transition metals 57 5. Aggregates and solids of tetravalent (sp) elements 64 6. Aggregates of covalent dimers 67 7. Weak distortions of metallic closepacked or covalent structures 69 Appendixes 74 References 82 Statistical Thermodynamics of Mixed Valence at Low Temperatures . -. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -. . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Dieter Wohlleben 1. Introduction 85 2. The free enthalpy without mixing 86 3. The valence fluctuation temperature 89 4. 'The free enthalpy with interconfigurational mlxlng 90 5. Equation of state for the valence fluctuation ~~n~e ~ 6. The conduction electron density of states near T=O 98 7. Application to Ce metal 101 8. Acknowledgements 104 References 104 Mixed Valency in Inorganic Chemistry -. . . -. . . . ~ . . . -. . -. . . . . . . . 109 P. Day CONTENTS vi Important Discussion of Part I Intermedi ate Val ency (IV) Compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 N. F. Mott Thermal Expansion and Specific Heat of Mixed Valence Compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 R. Pott 1. Introduction 117 2. Experiments and experimental results 117 3. Discussion 120 4. Acknowledgements 122 5.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

I Properties of Crystalline Materials.- The Effective U in Oxides and in Sulfides: Conceptual Phase Diagrams and their Applications.- 1. Definitions.- 2. Interatomic interactions.- References.- Electron Correlations in Elementary Structures. The Case of Weak Correlations : Metallic and Covalent Bondings.- 1. The H2 molecule.- 2. Other elementary diatomic molecules.- 3. Metallic aggregates.- 4. Macroscopic phases of transition metals.- 5. Aggregates and solids of tetravalent (sp) elements.- 6. Aggregates of covalent dimers.- 7. Weak distortions of metallic closepacked or covalent structures.- Appendixes.- References.- Statistical Thermodynamics of Mixed Valence at Low Temperatures.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The free enthalpy without mixing.- 3. The valence fluctuation temperature.- 4. The free enthalpy with interconfigurational mixing.- 5. Equation of state for the valence fluctuation temperature.- 6. The conduction electron density of states near T=0.- 7. Application to Ce metal.- 8. Acknowledgements.- References.- Mixed Valency in Inorganic Chemistry.- Important Discussion of Part I.- Intermediate Valency (IV) Compounds.- Thermal Expansion and Specific Heat of Mixed Valence Compounds.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Experiments and experimental results.- 3. Discussion.- 4. Acknowledgements.- 5. References.- The Contribution of Solid State Chemistry to Diversification of the Studies on Metal-Insulator Transition.- The Study of Metal to Non-Metal Transitions by High Resolution Electron Spectroscopy.- Electrical Properties of Rutile Type Oxides : Doped TiO2 and RuO2.- Mixed Anion Valencies in Copper Sulfides and Selenides.- Charge Transfer and Exciton Satellites in the Photoelectron Spectra of Transition Metal Compounds.- Direct Determination of Electron Correlation in a Simple Binuclear Complex.- Hall Effect in Vitreous 80 V2O5 - 20 P2O5.- Application of Group Theory to X-Ray Absorption Edge Studies.- On Discrete Symmetry Groups for Systems with an Odd Number of Electrons.- Superconductivity in the BaPb1-xBixO3 System.- II Properties of Amorphous Solids and Liquids.- Electronic Properties of Non-Crystalline Semiconductors.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Structure.- 3. Densities of states and optical properties.- 4. Localized states and mobility edges.- 5. Point defects.- 6. Time-of-flight experiments.- 7. Densities of states in the gap.- 8. Luminescence.- 9. Conclusions.- References.- Thermodynamics of Condensed Ionic Systems.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Screening of interionic forces.- 3. Mixtures with forces screened to short range.- 4. Miscible fused salt - Molecular liquid systems.- 5. Strong unscreened electrical forces.- References.- Transport Properties at the Metal-Insulator Transition in Metal Ammonia Solutions.- 1. Experimental results.- 2. Analysis.- 3. Acknowledgement.- 4. References.- Electrons and Ions in Liquid and Amorphous Metals.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Atomic scale structure.- 3. Dynamical properties.- 4. Electronic structure.- 5, Electronic transport.- 6. Conclusion.- Acknowledgements.- References.- Molten Salts and Liquid Semiconductors : Structure and Electrical Properties.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Liquid semiconductors based on Tellurium.- 3. The method of neutron diffraction with isotopic substitution.- 4. Future prospects.- References.- Structure-Transport Relations in Molten Salts.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Alkali Halides.- 3. Silver Halides.- Acknowledgement.- References.- Important Discussion of Part II.- EXAFS Study of the Structure of Molten CuCl.- Bonding at Bulk and Defect Sites in Amorphous Semiconductors.- Regular Rings in Glasses.- Size Effects in Semiconductors.- Photoinduced Changes in Amorphous Chalcogens.- III Metal to Insulator Transitions.- Metal Insulator Transitions.- Magnetism and Magnetic Resonance Across the Metal-Nonmetal Transition.- 1. Preamble.- 2. The metal-nonmetal transition: global considerations.- 3. A survey of magnetic properties: microscopic considerations.- 4. Concluding remarks.- Acknowledgements.- References.- X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy across the Metal to Non-metal Transition.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Solvation across the metal to insulator transition.- 3. Structure and thermodynamic relations.- 4. Discussion.- References.- Appendix with Applications.- Thermodynamics and Electrochemistry of Sodium-Ammonia Solutions and of Solvated Electrons in Ammonia.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Thermodynamics of sodium ammonia solutions.- 3. Thermodynamics of solvated electrons in ammonia.- 4. Absolute electrode potentials.- 5. Electrode potential determining particle.- 6. Thermodynamics of solvated electrons in water.- 7. A new phase instability in sodium ammonia solutions.- 8. Solid Na(NH3)3 - An expanded metal.- 9. Delocalized and localized electrons in polar vapors.- 10. Lithium isotope separations.- References.- Solvated Electrons.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Basic observations.- 3. Theory.- 4. Further observations.- 5. Final remarks.- 6. Acknowledgements.- 7. References.- Phase Separation in Expanded Metallic Liquids.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The critical point of pure metals.- 3. Metallic solutions near the critical point of an almost pure solvent.- References.- Important Discussion of Part III.- The Properties of Doped Liquid Iodine Melts.- Low Frequency Dielectric Constant and Electrical Conductivity of Dense Mercury Vapour.- Transport Properties of Chloride and Fluoride Glass-Forming Melts, Its Relationship with Coordination Numbers.- IV Low Dimensional Materials (LDS).- IV-I Two Dimensional - LDS.- Electronic Properties of Intercalate Complexes of Layer Type Transition Metal Dichalcogenides.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Intercalation with organic molecules and related compounds.- 3. Intercalation with alkali metal atoms.- 4. Intercalation with "3d" transition metals.- 5. Practical applications.- References.- Band Structure and Optical Properties of Layer Compounds.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The atomic orbital approach.- 3. Consequence of the trigonal distortion.- 4. Anisotropy in transport properties.- 5. Fermi surface nesting and charge density waves.- 6. Optical properties.- 7. Conclusion.- References.- LDS Intercalation with Donor and Acceptor Molecules.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Analysis of results.- 3. Discussion of results.- 4. Future and application of intercalation studies.- 5. Physical significance and possible extensions of this work.- Appendix: Phase Transitions Produced by Intercalation.- Physico-Chemical Aspects of Intercalation Phenomena.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Graphite intercalates.- 3. Shegt silicates.- 4. Nax(x-1)+ species intercalated with zeolitic hosts.- 5. WO3-based hosts.- 6. New techniques.- References.- Important Discussion of Part IV-I.- Ag Intercalation of TiS2.- Transport and Raman Investigation of the Group IV Layered Compounds and their Lithium Intercalates.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Experimental details.- 3. Transport properties.- 4. Discussion.- 5. Raman investigation.- 6. Conclusions.- References.- Ion-Electron Interaction and Intercalation Induced Semiconductor to Metal Transition in the Intercalated Dichalcogenide LixZrSe2.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Samples.- 3. Semiconductor to metal transition.- 4. Ion ordering and ion-electron interaction.- 5. Conclusion.- Acknowledgements.- References.- Charge Density Waves in the Mo Bronzes : CDW Transport in One Dimensional K0.30MoO3 and CDW Instability in Two-Dimensional K0.9Mo6O17.- A Survey of the Origins of Incommensurate Behaviour and of New Materials Illuminating the CDW Field.- Intercalation of Tetrathiafulvalene and Related Molecules into FeC1.- A Graphite Intercalation Compound as Applied to Battery Electrode Materials.- IV - 2 Organic Conductors.- Conducting Organic Solids.- Organic Superconductors : Quasi-One-Dimensional Conductors, Anomalous Superconductors, Promising Materials.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Electronic properties.- 3. An other plausible interpretation.- References.- Electronic Properties of Conjugated Polymers.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Materials.- 3. Band and defect models.- 4. Polyacetylene - Experimental results.- 5. Other polymers.- 6. Conclusion.- Acknowledgements.- References.- Important Discussion of Part IV-2.- Unusual Electronic Soliton States of the Infinite Polyyne Chain -(C = C)-x.- A Narrow Window for Superconductivity in Organic Conductors.- Properties of Organic Salts of TMTSF and TMTTF.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Role of the Hubbard U.- 3. Anion ordering.- 4. Conclusion.- Acknowledgements.- References.- The Effects of Oxidation on the Electrical Properties of Organic Conjugated Polymers.- I. Introduction.- 2. Results and discussion.- References.- Anisotropy of Thermopower in MEM(TCNQ)2.- IV - 3 Inversion Layers.- Localisation and Interaction Effects in the 2D Electron Gas of the Silicon Inversion Layer.- Important Discussion of Part IV - 3.- The Effects of Hydrogen on MOS Structures.- Transport Theory for High-Resistivity Conductors.- XPS Investigation of the Electronic Structure of Highly Dispersed MnO on Carbon Foil.- Angle Resolved Photoemission and Secondary Electron Emission Study of Single Crystal Graphite.- IV - 4 Fast Ionic Conductors.- Fast Ionic Conduction in Solids.- Phenomenology.- Solid-solution electrodes.- Solid electrolytes.- References.- What Factors May Increase Superionic Conductivity?.- List of Participants.- Author Index.
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