Titel: The Climate in Historical Times
Towards a Synthesis of Holocene Proxy Data and Climate Models.
'GKSS School on Environmental Research'.
Herausgegeben von Hubertus Fischer, Thomas Kumke, Gerrit Lohmann
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
24. März 2004 - gebunden - 512 Seiten
The project "Climate in Historical Times" (KIHZ) represents an integrative approach by geoscientists and climate modellers to analyse the dynamics of natural climate variability during the Holocene. This volume summarises the outcome of a KIHZ summer school. The meeting dealt with a variety of topics related to natural climate variability, ranging from reconstructions of past climate using so-called "proxy data" derived from ice cores, lake sediments, tree rings and corals. These data are used to validate and assimilate climate models.
The first part of this volume provides an overview of the climate system and its dynamics. It uses climate models of differing complexity and the resources of different archives in order to reconstruct past climate. The second part describes the latest achievements of the KIHZ members in their endeavours to reconstruct past climate by using proxy data, statistical analyses and climate models.
1 The Holocene: Considerations with Regard to its Climate and Climate Archives.- 2 Nonlinear Dynamics of the Climate System.- 3 A Discourse About Quasi-realistic Climate Models and Their Applications in Paleoclimatic Studies.- 4 Holocene Climate Variability from Model Simulations - State of the Art.- 5 Marine Paleoclimatology - Motivation, Tools, and Results.- 6 Corals as Climate Archive.- 7 Annually Laminated Lake Sediments and Their Palaeoclimatic Relevance.- 8 Interpreting Climate Proxies from Tree-rings.- 9 The Environmental and Climate Record in Polar Ice Cores.- 10 Reconstructing Large-scale Variability from Palaeoclimatic Evidence by Means of Data Assimilation Through Upscaling and Nudging (DATUN).- 11 Mid- to Late Holocene Lake Ecosystem Response to Catchment and Climatic Changes - A Detailed Varve Analysis of Lake Holzmaar (Germany).- 12 Holocene Palaeoclimate in the Saharo-Arabian Desert.- 13 Transfer Functions for Paleoclimate Reconstructions - Theory and Methods.- 14 Transfer Functions for Paleoclimate Reconstructions - Applications.- 15 Climate Information from Stable Hydrogen and Carbon Isotopes of C3 Plants - Growth Chamber Experiments and Field Observations.- 16 Detection of Climate Modes as Recorded in a Seasonal-resolution Coral Record Covering the Last 250 Years.- 17 Phase Stability of the Solar Schwabe Cycle in Lake Holzmaar, Germany, and GISP2, Greenland, between 10,000 and 9,000 cal. BP.- 18 Variable Freshwater Input to the Arctic Ocean During the Holocene: Implications for Large-Scale Ocean-Sea Ice Dynamics as Simulated by a Circulation Model.- 19 Forced Climate Variability During the Last Millennium with the Earth System Model CLIMBER-2.- 20 The Contribution of High-resolution Magnetostratigraphic Analyses to Paleoclimatic Reconstructions.- 21 Internal Climate Variability in Global and Regional Climate Models.- 22 Climate Diagnostics by Adjoint Modelling: A Feasibility Study.- 23 Evidence for the Climate During the Late Maunder Minimum from Proxy Data and Model Simulations Available Within KIHZ.- References.
From the reviews:
"This book presents peer-viewed results from a final workshop in 2001 ... . The book ... is a very valuable contribution. ... This book is recommended to anyone interested in the most challenging topic of global climate change." (Environmental Geology, Vol. 49, 2006)
"The climate in historical times represents outcomes of a KIHZ meeting concerned with natural climate variability. ... this volume offers an accessible overview of current knowledge concerning the reconstruction of past climate. It will interest researchers and students over a broad range of disciplines including atmospheric science, environmental sciences, geography and geosciences." (Nicholas Betts, The Holocene, Vol. 15 (6), 2005)