Titel: Water Encyclopedia, Ground Water
Herausgegeben von Jay H. Lehr, Jack Keeley
JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
Juni 2005 - gebunden - 848 Seiten
The single greatest reservoir of usable water for man lies underground. Its location, management, protection and remediation have been a central focus of hydrology for much of the past century. Experts throughout the world have covered this subject, in unimagined detail. Ground water remains unseen but no longer unknown, and now amazingly well defined in every aspect of quality and quantity, development, protection and remediation.
Preface. Contributors. Ground Water. Acid Mine Drainage: Sources and Treatment in the United States. Aquifers. Artificial Recharge of Unconfined Aquifer. Groundwater and Arsenic: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Treatment of Arsenic, Chromium, and Biofouling in Water Supply Wells. Artesian Water. Modeling Contaminant Transport and Biodegradation in Groundwater. Biofouling in Water Wells. In Situ Bioremediation of Contaminated Groundwater. Process Limitations of In Situ Bioremediation of Groundwater. Black Mesa Monitoring Program. Brine Deposits. Connate Water. Consolidated Water Bearing Rocks. Sensitivity of Groundwater to Contamination. Water Contamination by Low Level Organic Waste Compounds in the Hydrologic System. Darcy's Law. Groundwater Dating with Radiocarbon. Groundwater Dating with H-He. Dating Groundwaters with Tritium. Recharge in Desert Regions Around The World. Hydrologic Feasibility Assessment and Design in Phytoremediation. Well Design and Construction. Physical Properties of DNAPLs and Groundwater Contamination. Water Dowsing (Witching). Subsurface Drainage. Drawdown. Water Level Drawdown. Water Well Drilling Techniques. Groundwater Dye Tracing in Karst. Earthquakes-Rattling the Earth's Plumbing System. In Situ Electrokinetic Treatment of MtBE, Benzene, and Chlorinated Solvents. Field Capacity. Groundwater Flow Properties. Fluoride Contamination in Ground Water. Rock Fracture. Geochemical Models. Geochemical Modeling-Computer Codes. Geochemical Modeling-Computer Code Concepts. Geological Occurrence of Groundwater. Geophysics and Remote Sensing. Geothermal Water. Ghijben-Herzberg Equilibrium. Groundwater Balance. Hydraulic Head. The Role of Heat in Groundwater Systems. Groundwater Flow in Heterogenetic Sediments and Fractured Rock Systems. Horizontal Wells. Horizontal Wells in Groundwater Remediation. Head. Well Hydraulics and Aquifer Tests. Hydraulic Properties Characterization. Mobility of Humic Substances in Groundwater. Assessment of Groundwater Quality in District Hardwar, Uttaranchal, India. Irrigation Water Quality in District Hardwar, Uttaranchal, India. Infiltration and Soil Water Processes. Infiltration/Capacity/Rates. Infiltrometers. Summary of Isotopes in Contaminant Hydrogeology. Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology. Water-Jetting Drilling Technologies for Well Installation And In Situ Remediation of Hydrocarbons, Solvents, and Metals. Karst Hydrology. Karst Topography. Detecting Modern Groundwaters with 85Kr. Land Use Impacts on Groundwater Quality. Groundwater Contamination From Municipal Landfills in the USA. Metal Organic Interactions in Subtitle D Landfill Leachates and Associated Ground Waters. Leaching. Well Maintenance. Megawatersheds. Mass Transport in Saturated Media. Soil and Water Contamination by Heavy Metals. Source, Mobility, and Remediation of Metals. Genetics of Metal Tolerance and Accumulation in Higher Plants. In Situ Groundwater Remediation for Heavy Metal Contamination. Methane in Groundwater. Fossil Aquifers. What is a Hydrochemical Model? Modeling Non-Point Source Pollutants in the Vadose Zone Using GIS. Modeling Techniques for Solute Transport in Groundwater. Ambient Groundwater Monitoring Network Strategies and Design. MtBE. Limiting Geochemical Factors in Remediation Using Monitored Natural Attenuation and Enhanced Bioremediation. Nitrate Contamination of Groundwater. Treatment for Nitrates in Groundwater. Nonpoint Sources. Organic Compounds in Ground Water. Overdraft. Chemical Oxidation Technologies for Groundwater Remediation. Particulate Transport in Groundwater-Bacteria and Colloids. Perched Groundwater. Permeability. Groundwater Vulnerability to Pesticides: An Overview of Approaches and Methods of Evaluation. High pH Groundwater-The Effect of The Dissolution of Hardened Cement Pastes. Phytoextraction and Phytostabilization: Technical, Economic and Regulatory Considerations of the Soil-Lead Issue. Phytoextraction of Zinc and Cadmium from Soils. Using Hyperaccumulator Plants. Phytoremediation Enhancement of Natural Attenuation Processes. Bacteria Role in the Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals. Phytoremediation of Lead-Contaminated Soils. Phytoremediation of Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether. Phytoremediation of Selenium-Laden Soils. Soil Pipes and Pipe Flow. Low Flow Groundwater Purging and Surging. Groundwater Quality. Radial Wells. Recharge in Arid Regions. Sub-Surface Redox Chemistry: A Comparison of Equilibrium and Reaction-Based Approaches. Regional Flow Systems. Groundwater Remediation by Injection and. Problem Prevention. Groundwater Remediation: In Situ Passive. Methods. Groundwater Remediation by In Situ Aeration and Volatilization. Remediation of Contaminated Soils. Groundwater Remediation Project Life Cycle. Innovative Contaminated Groundwater. Remediation Technologies. Resistivity Methods. Risk Analysis of Buried Wastes From Electricity. Generation. Groundwater Contamination from Runoff. Saline Seep. Groundwater Sampling Techniques for. Environmental Projects. Groundwater Sampling with Passive Diffusion. Samplers. Specific Capacity. Soil Water. Soil and Groundwater Geochemistry and Microbiology. Characterizing Soil Spatial Variability. Deep Soil-Water Movement. Specific Gravity. Hot Springs. Squeezing Water from Rock. Storage Coefficient. Qanats: An Ingenious Sustainable Groundwater Resource System. Lysimeters. Steady-State Flow Aquifer Tests. Tidal Efficiency. Combined Free and Porous Flow in the Subsurface. Groundwater Tracing. Hydraulic Conductivity/Transmissibility. Groundwater Flow and Transport Process. Reactive Transport in The Saturated Zone: Case Histories for Permeable Reactive Barriers. Transport of Reactive Solute in Soil and Groundwater. Water in The Unsaturated Zone. Groundwater and Vadose Zone Hydrology. Vadose Zone Monitoring Techniques. Vapor Transport in the Unsaturated Zone. Applications of Soil Vapor Data to Groundwater Investigations. Groundwater Velocities. Viscous Flow. Vulnerability Mapping of Groundwater Resources. Water/Rocks Interaction. Ground Water: Wells. Well Screens. Well TEST. Safe Yield of an Aquifer. Specific Yield Storage Equation. Microbial Processes Affecting Monitored Natural Attenuation of Contaminants in the Subsurface. Groundwater Vulnerability to Pesticides: Statistical Approaches. Groundwater-Nature's Hidden Treasure. Pharmaceuticals, Hormones, and Other Organic Wastewater Contaminants in U.S. Streams. The Environmental Impact of Iron in Groundwater. Groundwater and Cobalt: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater and Cadmium: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater Modeling. Groundwater and Benzene: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater and Nitrate: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater and Perchlorate: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater and Vinyl Chloride: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater and Uranium: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater and Mercury: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Groundwater and Lead: Chemical Behavior and Treatment. Laminar Flow. Finite Element Modeling of Coupled Free and Porous Flow. Unconfined Groundwater. Modeling of DNAPL Migration in Saturated Porous Media. The Use of Semipermeable Membrane Devices (SPMDs) for Monitoring, Exposure, and Toxicity Assessment. River-Connected Aquifers: Geophysics, Stratigraphy, Hydrogeology, and Geochemistry. Index. Cumulative Index.
Jay Lehr is Senior Scientist at the Heartland Institute and Senior Scientist at Bennett & Williams, Inc. He has written 14 books and over 500 articles on environmental science. He received the nation's first Ph.D. in Ground Water Science form the university of Arizona in 1962. For 25 years he headed the Association of Ground Water Scientists and Engineers. In addition, Dr. Lehr has experience as an academic researcher in environmental science and helped the federal government develop several levels of environmental regulations, including the areas of surface water and ground water. Jack Keeley is the former Chief of Groundwater Research at the USEPA Kerr Water Resource Research Laboratory in Ada, Oklahoma.
"Inclusion of this set in reference library collections is...mandatory." ("Journal of Hazardous Materials", January 2006)