Titel: Water Encyclopedia, Surface and Agricultural Water
Herausgegeben von Jay H. Lehr, Jack Keeley
JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
Mai 2005 - gebunden - 800 Seiten
Maximizing the use of our visible surface supplies in light of their greatest need in agriculture presents an enormous challenge throughout the world. New techniques in agricultural applications to preserve resources and increase yields are featured. Dams, lakes, and hydraulic features of surface water systems are amply covered, along with the importance of storm water management to growing communities.
Preface. Contributors. Surface Water Hydrology. Acidification-Chronic. Episodic Acidification. Acidification of Freshwater Resources. Geochemistry of Acid Mine Drainage. The Aral Sea Disaster: Environment Issues and Nationalist Tensions. Lake Baikal-A Touchstone for Global Change and Rift Studies. Base Flow. River Basins. River Basin Planning and Coordination. Bioaccumulation. Biotic Integrity Index to Evaluate Water Resource Integrity in Freshwater Systems. Reversal of the Chicago River. Flood Control in the Yellow River Basin in China. Chironomids in Sediment Toxicity Testing. Cienega. Time-Area and The Clark Rainfall-Runoff Transformation. Stream Classification. Coastal Wetlands. Freshwater Colloids. Culvert Design. Dilution-Mixing Zones and Design Flows. Drainage Ditches. Drainage Networks. Dyes As Hydrological Tracers. Flow-duration Curves. Environmental Flows. Eutrophication (Excessive Fertilization). Cultural Eutrophication. Fish Cells in the Toxicological Evaluation of Environmental Contaminants. Fish Consumption Advisories. Fisheries: History, Science, and Management. Factors Affecting Fish Growth and Production. Water Needs for Freshwater Fisheries Management. An Outline of the History of Fishpond Culture in Silesia, the Western Part of Poland. Floods. Flood Control Structures. Floods as a Natural Hazard. Flood Source Mapping in Watersheds. Urban Flooding. Floodwater Spreading. Minimum Environmental Flow Regimes. Forensic Hydrogeology. Forests and Wetlands. Rock Glacier. Great Lakes. Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Hydroelectric Reservoirs. Gully Erosion. Potential Health Issues Associated With Blue-Green Algae Blooms in Impoundments, Ponds and Lakes. Heat Balance of Open Waterbodies. Hydraulics. Hydraulics of Pressurized Flow. Hydroelectric Power. Hydroelectric Reservoirs as Anthropogenic Sources of Greenhouse Gases. Hydrologic Persistence and The Hurst Phenomenon. Unit Hydrograph. Hydrological Processes and Measured Pollutant Loads. Hydrologic Thresholds. Ganga River, India. Interception. Kinematic Shock. Kinematic Wave Method For Storm Drainage Design. Kinematic Wave and Diffusion Wave Theories. Kinematic Wave Flow Routing. Reliability Concepts in Reservoir Design. Lakes. The Theory of Alternative Stable States in Shallow Lake Ecosystems. NOAA Lake Level Forecast for Lake Michigan Right on Target. Submerged Aquatic Plants Affect Water Quality in Lakes. Lakes-Discharges To. Lasers Scan Levees from the Air. Levees for Flood Protection. Limnology. Adsorption of Metal Ions On Bed Sediments. Microbiology of Lotic Aggregates and Biofilms. Microorganisms in Their Natural Environment. Calibration of Hydraulic Network Models. Numerical Modeling of Currents. Uncertainty Analysis in Watershed Modeling. Watershed Modeling. Modeling of Water Quality in Sewers. Modeling of Urban Drainage and Stormwater. Modeling Ungauged Watersheds. Corps Turned Niagara Falls Off, On Again. Open Channel Design. Organic Compounds and Trace Elements in Freshwater Streambed Sediment and Fish from the Puget Sound Basin. Impervious Cover-Paving Paradise. Phytoremediation By Constructed Wetlands. Unrecognized Pollutants. Pollution of Surface Waters. Pond Aquaculture-Modeling and Decision Support Systems. Pumping Stations. Regulated Rivers. Reservoirs-Multipurpose. Dam Removal as River Restoration. Riparian Systems. Rivers. River and Water Facts. Sediment Load Measurements. Sedimentation. Sedimentation and Flotation. Reservoir Sedimentation. Water from Saturated River Sediment-Sand Abstraction. Sediment Transport. Stochastic Simulation of Hydrosystems. Storage and Detention Facilities. Urban Stormwater Runoff Water Quality Issues. Rivers and Streams: One-Way Flow System. Streamflow. Water Quality in Suburban Watersheds. Surface Water Pollution. Surface Runoff and Subsurface Drainage. Trace Elements in Water, Sediment, and Aquatic Biota-Effects of Biology and Human Activity. Innovative Pens Hatch Thousands of Trout. Watershed. Combustible Watersheds. Time of Concentration and Travel Time in Watersheds. Watershed Hydrology. Watershed Management for Environmental Quality and Food Security. Water Hyacinth-The World's Most Problematic Weed. Water Quality in Ponds. Water Turbine. Wetlands: Uses, Functions, and Values. Wetlands Overview. Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States. Urban Runoff. Urban Water Studies. Subglacial Lake Vostok. Water-The Canadian Transporter. Flood Prevention. Effects of DDT in Surface Water on Bird Abundance and Reproduction-A History. Instream Flow Methods. Floodplain. Fish Passage Facilities. Fishing Waters. Land Surface Modeling. Agricultural Water. Animal Farming Operations: Groundwater Quality Issues. Aquaculture Technology for Producers. Biofuel Alternatives to Fossil Fuels. Soil Conservation. Landscape Water-Conservation Techniques. Crop Water Requirements. Agricultural Water Use Efficiency (WUE) and Productivity (WP). Large Area Surface Energy Balance Estimation Using Satellite Imagery. Soil Erosion and Control Practices. Water Table Contribution to Crop Evapotranspiration. Crop Evapotranspiration. Water Pollution From Fish Farms. World's Major Irrigation Areas. Irrigation in The United States. Irrigation Wells. Agriculture and Land Use Planning. Waterlogging. Water Quality Management in an Agricultural Landscape. Classification and Mapping of Agricultural Land for National Water-Quality Assessment. Metal Tolerance in Plants: The Roles of Thiol-Containing Peptides. Microirrigation. Microirrigation: An Approach to Efficient Irrigation. Plant and Microorganism Selection for Phytoremediation of Hydrocarbons and Metals. Nitrate Pollution Prevention. Nitrification. Occurrence of Organochlorine Pesticides in Vegetables Grown on Untreated Soils from an Agricultural Watershed. Pesticide Chemistry in the Environment. Remediation of Pesticide-Contaminated Soil at Agrichemical Facilities. Pesticide Occurrence and Distribution in Relation to Use. Assessment of Pollution Outflow From Large Agricultural Areas. Deep-Well Turbine Pumps. Microbial Quality of Reclaimed Irrigation: International Perspective. Soil Salinity. Maintaining Salt Balance on Irrigated Land. Salt Tolerance. Groundwater Assessment Using Soil Sampling Techniques. Skimmed Groundwater. Soil Moisture Measurement-Neutron. Soil N Management Impact on The Quality of Surface and Subsurface Water. Soil Phosphorus Availability and Its Impact on Surface Water Quality. Soil Water Issues. Water Spreading. Sprinkler Irrigation. Stomates. Crop Water Stress Detection Using Remote Sensing. Vacuum Gauge Tensiometer. Tile Drainage. Tile Drainage: Impacts, Plant Growth, and Water Table Levels. Measuring and Modeling Tree and Stand Level Transpiration. Water Logging: Topographic and Agricultural Impacts. Weed Control Strategies. Screen Filters for Microirrigation. Xeriscape. Media Filters for Microirrigation. Index.
Jay Lehr is Senior Scientist at the Heartland Institute and Senior Scientist at Bennett & Williams, Inc. He has written 14 books and over 500 articles on environmental science. He received the nation's first Ph.D. in Ground Water Science form the university of Arizona in 1962. For 25 years he headed the Association of Ground Water Scientists and Engineers. In addition, Dr. Lehr has experience as an academic researcher in environmental science and helped the federal government develop several levels of environmental regulations, including the areas of surface water and ground water. Jack Keeley is the former Chief of Groundwater Research at the USEPA Kerr Water Resource Research Laboratory in Ada, Oklahoma.