Titel: Customs and Excise: Trade, Production, and Consumption in England, 1640-1845
Autor/en: William J. Ashworth
OXFORD UNIV PR
Oktober 2003 - gebunden - 416 Seiten
Ashworth traces the growth of customs and excise, and their integral role in shaping the framework of industrial England. He examines their influence on elements such as state power, technical advance, and the evolution of a consumer society. If there was a unique pathway of industrialization, it was less a distinct entrepreneurial and techno-centric culture, than one predominantly defined within an institutional framework spearheaded by the excise and a wall of tariffs.
Abbreviations; Acknowledgements; Introduction; PART I: CONSUMING THE PEOPLE; 1. The Emergence of Public Credit: War, Revenue, and High Politics; 2. The "Consumptibility" of Goods: Customs, Excise, and Trade; 3. The Equitable Tax?; 4. Liberty, Property, and the Excise; PART II: THE "DEVIL'S REMEDY"; 5. Delusion? Public Credit, Trust, and the Excise; 6. The Introduction of the Excise; 7. "His leering eyes gives such a look": The World of Excise; PART III: AN IMPOLITE AND COMMERCIAL PEOPLE - THE COMMON ECONOMY; 8. Life on the Waterfront; 9. Pilfering, Custom Fees, and Renumeration; 10. Smuggling; 11. Free Trade, Transport, and Concealment; PART IV: EXCISE, FRAUD, AND PRODUCTION; 12. Drink and Food; 13. Candles, Soap, Salt, Starch, Leather, Paper, Textiles, and Glass; PART V: SHAPING AND REGULATING THE MARKET; 14. Measurement, Instrumentation, and Alcohol Standards; 15. Revenue, Metrology, and Casks; 16. The Incarceration, Adulteration, and Policing of Taxed Goods; PART VI: DISMANTLING THE FISCAL-MILITARY STATE; 17. The Limits of Taxation and the Politics of Representation; 18. Revenue, "Old Corruption", and Manufacturing Interests; 19. "Simplicity, Uniformity, and Perspicuity"; 20. "The Calcio Millennium"; Index
Ashworth has provided a useful and comprehensive synthesis of current historiography and makes important and innovative contributions. This book complicates the relationship between economy and state and establishes that a history of either cannot be complete without a history of the mode of taxation. EH.NET Book Review William J. Ashworth has synthesized a wide range of secondary material to produce an important study of the interconnections between state formation, economic change, and government policythis is a book full of interest, locating new research findings in the context of a shrewd and frequently incisive command of a very diverse historiography...It deserves a wide readership. This book is impressive both in its chronological span and its attention to detail. Ashworth has undoubtedly made an important contribution to our understanding of the development of Britain's state institutions and economy. David Stasavage, American Historical Review, 110 Without a doubt, there is a great deal to admire in this book and the main ideas that Ashworth articulates provoke serious thoughtIt is scarcely an exaggeration to state that every researcher of inland and external trade will profit from reading the volume and learn something new about the organisation of commerce and the levying of taxation. S. D. Smith, Institute of Historical Research Electronic The book is interesting and in its density and proximity to the participants of the financial state England/Great Britain important and worth reading. Raingard Esser, Review Journal for the Sciences of Histor Ashworth's Customs and Excise is a valuable addition to the historiography on Britain in the early modern period. It offers a guide to the practices of the customs and excise, illuminating a central but often overlooked aspect of commercial and manufacturing life during this period. On a broader canvas, however, the history of customs and excise suggests ways of understanding the causal linkages between Britain's development as a fiscal-military state and its parallel emergence as an industrial power. John Smail, Enterprise and History, 6 Ashworth's accounts of the role of the excise in standardizing products, mathematizing measurements, and regulating manufacturing processes are fascinating contributions to the discussion of how science and scientific thinking penetrated government and society. James Jaffe, Technology and Culture, 46 Ashworth has written a model book well worth studying by anyone interested in any aspect of the long eighteenth century. David Hancock, Journal of Modern History, 79