Titel: Introduction to Mesoscopic Physics
Autor/en: Yoseph Imry
OXFORD UNIV PR
Februar 2002 - gebunden - 256 Seiten
Mesoscopic physics refers to the physics of structures larger than a nanometer (one billionth of a meter) but smaller than a micrometer (one millionth of a meter). This size range is the stage on which the exciting new research on submicroscopic and electronic and mechanical devices is being
done. This research often crosses the boundary between physics and engineering, since engineering such tiny electronic components requires a firm grasp of quantum physics. Applications for the future may include such wonders as microscopic robot surgeons that travel through the blood stream to
repair clogged arteries, submicroscopic actuators and builders, and supercomputers that fit on the head of a pin. The world of the future is being planned and built by physicists, engineers, and chemists working in the microscopic realm. This book can be used as the main text in a course on
mesoscopic physics or as a supplementary text in electronic devices, semiconductor devices, and condensed matter physics courses. For this new edition, the author has substantially updated and modified the material especially of chapters 3: Dephasing, 8: Noise in mesoscopic systems, and the
concluding chapter 9.
Preface; Preface to the second edition; List of symbols; 1. Introduction and a brief review of experimental systems; 2. Quantum transport, Anderson Localization; 3. Dephasing by coupling with the environment, application to Coulomb electron-electron interactions in metals; 4. Mesoscopic effects in equilibrium and static properties; 5. Quantum interference effects in transport properties, the Landauer formulation and applications; 6. The Quantum Hall Effect; 7. Mesoscopics with superconductivity; 8. Noise in mesoscopic systems; 9. Concluding remarks; A. The Kubo, linear response, formulation; B. The Kubo-Greenwood Conductivity and the Edwards-Thouless Relationships; C. The Aharonov-Bohm Effect and the Byers-Yang and Bloch Theorem; D. Derivation of matrix elements in the diffusion regime; E. Careful treatment of dephasing in 2D conductors at low temperatures; F. Anomalies in the density of states (DOS); G. Quasiclassical theory of spectral correlations; H. Details of the four-terminal formulation; I. Universality of the conductance fluctuations in terms of the universal correlation of transmission eigenvalues; J. The conductance of ballistic 'point contacts'
"For researchers and graduate students in physics, chemistry, and electronic and optical engineering, Imry (physics, Weizmann Institute, Israel) explains concepts and tools to investigate systems that fall between the molecular and the bulk--generally a cluster of molecules that acts in many ways like a large molecule but has certain qualities unique to the size range. In particular he shows how the fundamental principles of quantum mechanics and statistical physics appear, and are amenable, to theoretical clarification and experimental examination in mesoscopic systems."--SciTech BookNews