Titel: Etc.: Frequency Processing and Cognition
Herausgegeben von Peter Sedlmeier, Tilmann Betsch
OXFORD UNIV PR
1. Oktober 2002 - gebunden - 350 Seiten
A fundamental piece of information we use to make decisions, understand past events, and predict future events in our lives, is 'frequency'. We make judgements, assess risk and make consumer decisions, on the basis of the frequency of events we have experienced or observed. Given the ability to affect both our beliefs and behaviour, this is a topic that has long been in need of an integrative review.
This is the first book to focus on the topic of 'frequency processing'. With contributions from the leaders in the field of psychology, it is a book that will profoundly influence future research in this area.
1. Frequency Processing and Cognition: Introduction and Overview; THEORETICAL MODELS AND PERSPECTIVES; 2. Frequency processing: A twenty-five year perspective; 3. Encoding, representing and estimating event frequencies: A multiple strategy perspective; 4. In the year 2054: Innumeracy defeated; 5. Frequency judgements and retrieval structures: Splitting, zooming and merging the units of the empirical world; 6. Experiential and contextual heuristics in frequency judgement: Ease of recall and response scales; 7. Tversky and Kahneman's availability approach to frequency judgement: a critical analysis; 8. A memory models approach to frequency and probability judgement: Applications of Minerva 2 and Minerva-DM; 9. Associative learning and frequency judgements: The PASS model; 10. Frequency, contingency and the information processing theory of conditioning; ESSENTIAL EMPIRICAL RESULTS; 11. Effects of processing fluency on estimates of probability and frequency; 12. Frequency judgements of emotions: The cognitive basis of personality assessment; 13. Online strategies versus memory-based strategies in frequency estimation; 14. Frequency learning and order effects in belief updating; 15. The psychophysics metaphor in calibration research; PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS; 16. Frequency effects in consumer decision making; 17. Free word associations and the frequency of co-occurrence in language use; 18. Technology needs Psychology: How natural frequencies foster insight in medical and legal experts; 19. Frequency processing and cognition: Stock-taking and outlook
This excellent collection provides the reader with a comprehensive coverage of findings and theories about how people encode and summarize frequency information. While it is a smorgasbord of self-contained chapters with little cross-referencing (or elaboration of disagreements), the high quality of the vast majority of these chapters yields a cognitive feast. They are written by eminent researchers who have opted to present both recent results and summaries of their most important work - certainly not the feared secondary idea or paper submitted because it would be easier to publish in an edited volume than in critically peer reviewed journal. Robyn M. Dawes, Charles J. Queenan, Jr. University Professor, Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, USA