Titel: Mineral Scales in Biological and Industrial Systems
approx 75 equations; 54 Tables, black and white; 250 Illustrations, black and white.
Taylor & Francis Inc
26. Oktober 2013 - gebunden - 450 Seiten
Soluble and insoluble impurities present in water used for domestic and industrial applications can lead to the deposition of unwanted materials on equipment surfaces. Impurities such as dissolved minerals, natural organic compounds, and suspended particles can impact various processes and systems including boiling and cooling processes, desalination, geothermal power generation, milk pasteurization, oil and gas refining, the pulp and paper industry, and biological systems. Understanding the mechanisms of scale inhibition and dispersion is important in addressing the resulting challenges. Mineral Scales in Biological and Industrial Systems presents developments in mineral scale formation and control in a variety of industrial and biological systems, providing in-depth discussions on topics important to academic researchers and industrial technologists. With contributions from experts in their respective fields, this book comprises 22 chapters in 5 parts.
It begins by addressing precipitation and inhibition of various scale-forming salts-such as calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, calcium fluoride, and calcium phosphate-in various industrial systems, including boilers, cooling, and high-pressure and high-temperature applications. Part II describes the precipitation and inhibition of salts encountered in sugar refining and geothermal power generation. Part III describes mineral scales that are important in biological systems. Part IV deals with the control of suspended matter in industrial water systems. Part V examines analytical techniques commonly used to characterize mineral scales and deposits during in-house evaluation of new products and deposit samples received for characterization from industrial installations, as well as product failure analyses. Covering the broad scope of mineral scales, this book both reviews current concepts and presents new information, with detailed discussions on fundamental and mechanistic aspects of mineral scale formation and inhibition.
Part I Industrial: Carbonate, Sulfate, Phosphate, and Fluoride Scales Nucleation and Crystal Growth of Calcium Carbonate under Flow Conditions Georgia D. Athanasakou, Eleni C. Arvaniti, Petros G. Koutsoukos, and Christakis A. Paraskeva Calcite Growth Rate Inhibition by Low Molecular Weight Polycarboxylate Ions Michael M. Reddy Development of an Environmentally Acceptable New Polymer Calcium Sulfate Inhibitor for High Pressure-High Temperature (HTHP) Squeeze Application Tao Chen, Ping Chen, Harry Montgomerie, and Thomas Hagen Effect of Biopolymers on Scale Formation Emel Akyol, Ozlem Dogan, and Mualla Oner Scaling Control for High-Temperature and High-Pressure Oil Production Wei Wang, Amy T. Kan, Wei Shi, Chunfang Fan, and Mason B. Tomson Biopolymers as Calcium Fluoride Precipitation Inhibitors for Aqueous Systems Zahid Amjad Inhibition of Calcium Phosphate by Phosphonates: The Effect of Triazinetriphosphonic Acid Stamatia Rokidi, Panayiotis I. Ioannou, and Petros G. Koutsoukos
Part II Industrial: Sulfate, Silica, and Silicate Scales Scale Formation in Sugar Juice Heat Exchangers Christopher P. East, Christopher M. Fellows, and William O.S. Doherty Struvite Scale Formation: Prevention and Phosphorus Recovery Ioannis Mpountas, Theano Mavrikou, and Petros G. Koutsoukos Solution Chemistry Impact on Silica Polymerization by Inhibitors Robert W. Zuhl and Zahid Amjad Chemistry of Metal Silicates Deposits from Geothermal and Petroleum Produced Waters Darrell L. Gallup Silica Scale Inhibition: Untangling the "Gordian Knot" of Scale Formation in Industrial Water Systems Melina Preari, Anna Tsistraki, and Konstantinos D. Demadis Review of the State of the Art of Antiscalant Selection Hilla Shemer, David Hasson, and Raphael Semiat
Part III Biological: Oxalate, Hydroxyapatite Scales Influence of Additives on Calcium Oxalate Crystallization in Solution Mitali China and Marina Tsianou Polarization-Mediated Modification of Hydroxyapatite to Improve Biological Responses Miho Nakamura and Kimihiro Yamashita
Part IV Industrial: Suspended Matter and Oil Dispersion Impact of Calcium Carbonate Mineral Scales in Industries: Role of Surface Chemistry Partha Patra, P. Somasundaran, and Chi Lo Mitigating the Coastal Ecological Damage of Spilled Oil via Oil Anti-Deposition Strategies Robert Y. Lochhead, Sarah E. Morgan, Daniel Savin, Lisa K. Kemp, and Yan Zong Evaluation of Biopolymers as Iron Oxide (Rust) Dispersants for Industrial Water Systems Dominique Guyton and Zahid Amjad "Good Scale"-"Bad Scale": How Metal-Phosphonate Materials Contribute to Corrosion Inhibition Konstantinos D. Demadis and Giasemi K. Angeli Influence of Polymer Architecture on the Stabilization of Copper (II) in Aqueous Systems Danielle Morgan and Zahid Amjad
Part V Scale/Deposit Characterization Techniques Microscopy and X-Ray-Based Analytical Techniques for Identifying Mineral Scales and Deposits Valerie P. Woodward and Zahid Amjad Characterization of Oil-Field Calcium Carbonate Scales Raj P. Singh Gaur and Nureddin M. Abbas Index
Zahid Amjad, Ph.D., is a visiting professor in the Division of Mathematics and Sciences at Walsh University, North Canton, Ohio. During his more than 30 years at Calgon Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Lubrizol Advanced Materials, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, Dr. Amjad has worked in various fields, including cosmetics, home care, oral care, pharmaceutics, water treatment, water purification, and related fields. His major interests include biological and industrial applications of water-soluble and water-swellable polymers, interactions of polymers with different substrates, crystal growth and dissolution, and adsorption and desorption phenomena in aqueous systems. Dr. Amjad has published more than 160 technical papers, has contributed to numerous book chapters, has edited 6 books, and holds 30 US patents. Dr. Amjad is also the owner of Aqua Science and Technology LLC, Columbus, Ohio, which provides consulting services for industrial water treatment, separation processes, and related technologies.