1397 births, 1397 by country, 1397 deaths, 1397 establishments, 1397 in Europe, 1397 in law, Pope Nicholas V, Albert II of Germany, Paolo Uccello, Ausiàs March, Sejong the Great, John II of Aragon, Medici Bank, Guillaume Dufay.
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12. Juni 2011 - kartoniert - 52 Seiten
Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 49. Chapters: 1397 births, 1397 by country, 1397 deaths, 1397 establishments, 1397 in Europe, 1397 in law, Pope Nicholas V, Albert II of Germany, Paolo Uccello, Ausiàs March, Sejong the Great, John II of Aragon, Medici Bank, Guillaume Dufay, Isabella of Portugal, Enguerrand VII, Lord of Coucy, Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, Infante John, Duke of Valencia de Campos, Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria, Francesco Landini, Henry of Langenstein, Chimalpopoca, Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, Anne Butler, Countess of Ormond, Tlacaelel, Infante Denis, Lord of Cifuentes, Jeanne de Béthune, Viscountess of Meaux, Henry VIII the Sparrow, Thomas Hungerford, Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales, Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Guyenne, Alexander Bur, Katherine Neville, Duchess of Norfolk, William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, Francesco I Crispo, Adam Easton, Skirgaila, Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, John II, Duke of Bavaria, Schloss Thorberg, Sretensky Monastery, Lizard Union, Ahrensbök Charterhouse, List of state leaders in 1397, Philip of Artois, Count of Eu, Albert II, Duke of Bavaria, John Gilbert, Alexander I Aldea, Patriarch Antony IV of Constantinople, Francesco Squarcione, Henry of Bar, Bloody Sabor of Krizevci, Treason Act 1397, Guy II, Count of Blois, João Esteves da Veiga de Nápoles, Haxey's case, Noami, Nicholas of Basel, Stephen of Montfaucon, Treaty of Kalmar, Margery le Despencer, Kujo Tadamoto, 1397 in Ireland. Excerpt: The Medici Bank (1397-1494) was a financial institution created by the Medici family in Italy during the 15th century. It was the largest and most respected bank in Europe during its prime. There are some estimates that the Medici family was, for a period of time, the wealthiest family in Europe. Estimating their wealth in today's money is difficult and imprecise, considering that they owned art, land, and gold. With this monetary wealth, the family acquired political power initially in Florence, and later in the wider spheres of Italy and Europe. A notable contribution to the profession of accounting was the improvement of the general ledger system through the development of the double entry system of tracking credits and debits. Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici was the first Medici to enter banking on his own, and while he became influential in the Florentine government, it was not until his son Cosimo the Elder took over in 1434 as gran maestro that the Medici became the unofficial head of state of the Florentine republic. The Medici family had long been involved in banking at a high level, maintaining their status as a respectably upper-class and notably wealthy family who derived their money from land holdings in the Mugello region towards the Apennines, north of Florence. The Medicis were not only bankers but innovators in financial accounting. At one point, the Medicis managed most of the great fortunes in the European world, from the members of royalty to merchants. There was even a time when the currency issued by the Medicis was accepted and used throughout Europe as the preferred currency. Giovanni's father Averardo (?-1363; known as "Bicci") was not a very successful businessman or banker. A distant cousin, Vieri di Cambio (1323-1396), however, was one of Florence's more prominent bankers (the first of the various modestly upper-class Medici lineages, numbering around 20 in 1364). His ban...