Titel: 18th century in Sweden
Great Northern War, Swedish Academy, History of Sweden, Swedish Empire, Swedish Pomerania, Age of Liberty, Bollhuset, Swedish slave trade, Caroleans, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stenborg Troupe, Swedish overseas colonies.
Herausgegeben von Source: Wikipedia
Books LLC, Reference Series
12. Juni 2011 - kartoniert - 52 Seiten
Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 50. Chapters: Great Northern War, Swedish Academy, History of Sweden, Swedish Empire, Swedish Pomerania, Age of Liberty, Bollhuset, Swedish slave trade, Caroleans, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stenborg Troupe, Swedish overseas colonies, Swedish Estonia, Russo-Swedish War, Royal Swedish Ballet, Lord High Steward of Sweden, Stenborg Theatre, Political unions involving Sweden, Theater War, February 30, Lord High Chancellor of Sweden, Nationella dräkten, Comediehuset, Du Londel Troupe, Sweden-Finland, Swedish Constitution of 1772, Barnamordsplakatet, Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Danviken Hospital, Royal Swedish Academy of Arts, Plague of Sweden, Risbadstugan, Lapp Codicil of 1751, Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences, Kurbits. Excerpt: The Great Northern War (1700-21) was a conflict in which a coalition led by Russia successfully contested Swedish supremacy in northern Central and Eastern Europe. The initial leaders of the anti-Swedish alliance were Peter I, Peter the Great, of Russia, Frederik IV of Denmark-Norway and August II, Augustus the Strong, of Saxe-Poland-Lithuania. Frederik IV and August II were forced out of the alliance in 1700 and 1706 respectively, but re-joined it in 1709. George I of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) joined the coalition in 1714 for Hanover, and in 1717 for Britain, and Frederick William I of Brandenburg-Prussia in 1715. Charles XII led the Swedish army. On the Swedish side were Holstein-Gottorp, several Polish and Lithuanian magnates under Stanislaw Leszczynski (1704-10) and cossacks under the Ukrainian Hetman Ivan Mazepa (1708-10). The Ottoman Empire temporarily hosted Charles XII of Sweden and intervened against Peter I. The war started when an alliance of Denmark-Norway, Saxony, Poland-Lithuania and Russia declared war on the Swedish Empire, launching a threefold attack at Swedish Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish Livonia, and Swedish Ingria, sensing an opportunity as Sweden was ruled by the young Karl XII, who was 18 years old and inexperienced at the time. Sweden parried the Danish and Russian attacks at Travendal and Narva, and in a counter-offensive pushed August II's forces through Lithuania and Poland to Saxony, dethroning August on the way and forcing him to acknowledge defeat in the Treaty of Altranstädt. Peter I had meanwhile recovered and gained ground in Sweden's Baltic provinces, where he cemented Russia's access to the Baltic Sea by founding Saint Petersburg. Charles XII moved from Saxony into Russia to confront Peter, but the campaign ended with the destruction of the main Swedish army in Poltava (now Ukraine), and Charles's exile in Ottoman Bender. Russian pursuit was halted at the Pruth river by the Ottoman army. After Poltava, the initial anti-Swedish coal