Titel: The Game of Life: College Sports and Educational Values
Autor/en: James L. Shulman, William G. Bowen
PRINCETON UNIV PR
April 2002 - kartoniert - 496 Seiten
The president of Williams College faces a firestorm for not allowing the women's lacrosse team to postpone exams to attend the playoffs. The University of Michigan loses $2.8 million on athletics despite averaging 110,000 fans at each home football game. Schools across the country struggle with the trade-offs involved with recruiting athletes and updating facilities for dozens of varsity sports. Does increasing intensification of college sports support or detract from higher education's core mission? James Shulman and William Bowen introduce facts into a terrain overrun by emotions and enduring myths. They tell us about higher education today: the ways in which colleges set policies, reinforce or neglect their core mission, and send signals about what matters.
List of Figures vii List of Ta61es xiii Prelude: Four Snapshots xv Preface xxv Chapter 1. The Institutionalization and Regulation of College Sports in Historical Perspective 1 Chapter 2. The Admissions Game: Recruiting Male Athletes and the Implications of Selection 29 Chapter 3. The College Game: Academic Outcomes for Men 59 Chapter 4. Men's Lives after College: Advanced Study, Jobs, Earnings 87 Chapter 5. The Development of Women's Athletic Programs 113 Chapter 6. New Players: The Recruitment and Admission of Women Athletes 126 Chapter 7. Women Athletes in College 141 Chapter 8. Women's Lives after College: Advanced Study, Family, Jobs, Earnings 157 Chapter 9. Leadership 182 Chapter 10. Giving Back 205 Chapter 11. The Financial Equation: Expenditures and Revenues 227 Chapter 12. Key Empirical Findings 258 Chapter 13. Taking Stock 268 Chapter 14. Thinking Ahead: Impediments to Change and Proposed Directions 289 Appendix A: Scorecards 311 Appendix B: Supplementary Data 355 Notes 375 References 423 Index 431
James L. Shulman collaborated on The Shape of the River (Princeton), is Financial and Administrative Officer at the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and directs the Foundation's College and Beyond research. William G. Bowen is President of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and was formerly President of Princeton University, where he was also Professor of Economics. He is coauthor of The Shape of the River.
"It may be one of the most important books on higher education published in the last twenty years. It is certainly one of the most interesting."--Louis Menand, The New Yorker "A provocative and important new book ..."--Robert Lipsyte, New York Times "The conclusions are truly depressing and significant... The Game of Life is the most important sports book written in years."--Frank Deford, Sports Illustrated "A landmark study that should be welcomed by college presidents... These findings breathe new and potentially subversive life into old doubts about the role of highly competitive collegiate athletics..."--John Hoberman, The Wall Street Journal "Makes a compelling case that athletics has utterly warped not only big colleges, but most of education, and in ways that go far beyond the usual allegations of diverting resources and spreading cynicism."--Marc Fisher, The Washington Post "[The Game of Life] does not assign a catalog of sins to sports-minded colleges and universities as does Professor Sperber's book. But it argues compellingly that the influence of intercollegiate sports has greatly intensified in recent years."--William H. Honan, The New York Times "The Shulman-Bowen data show that recruited athletes not only enter selective colleges with weaker academic records than their classmates as a whole, but that, once in college, they consistently underperform academically...Moreover, they say, the academic standing of athletes relative to their classmates has deteriorated markedly in recent years."--Edward B. Fiske, New York Times "A fascinating and important new book about the divergence of college sports and educational values."--Jane Eisner, Philadelphia Enquirer "The Game of Life will have a profound effect on the national debate about professionalized college sports ..."--William C. Dowling, Newark Star Ledger "Perhaps the most surprising findings in The Game of Life are that elite colleges put more emphasis on athletics than most of us would have suspected."--Andrew Hacker, New York Review of Books "Shulman and Bowen have done the world a great service by asking some difficult questions about some obvious issues and tenaciously digging out more reliable answers than anyone hitherto has come up with."--Alan Ryan, Times Higher Education Supplement "Shulman and Bowen, both first-rate scholars, thoughtfully and methodically mine a rich database, providing an inside view of current practices and outcomes, and of how the system has evolved over half a century... This volume ... will attract a large audience; it should cause college trustees, administrators, faculty, alumni, state legislators, families, and sports fans everywhere to rethink their own values and decisions."--Choice "What Shulman and Bowen add to the discussion is evidence that, with the quasi professionalization of college sports in recent years, student athletes belong more and more to an academic subculture in which superior intellectual performance is rare and not particularly valued. The old image of the athlete emerging from college intellectually as well as physically tested seems less and less a reality than a pleasant myth."--Andrew Delbanco, The New York Times Book Review