Head injury, Locked-in syndrome, Traumatic brain injury, Concussion, Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Neuroplasticity, Post-concussion syndrome, Post-traumatic epilepsy, Spinal cord injury, Shaken baby syndrome, Second-impact syndrome.
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12. Juni 2011 - kartoniert - 120 Seiten
Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 119. Chapters: Head injury, Locked-in syndrome, Traumatic brain injury, Concussion, Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Neuroplasticity, Post-concussion syndrome, Post-traumatic epilepsy, Spinal cord injury, Shaken baby syndrome, Second-impact syndrome, NMDA receptor antagonist, Post-traumatic seizure, Intracranial pressure, Diffuse axonal injury, Mitochondrial permeability transition pore, Complications of traumatic brain injury, Peripheral nerve injury, Brain herniation, Subdural hematoma, Closed head injury, Chronic traumatic encephalopathy, Epidural hematoma, Abnormal posturing, Olney's lesions, Memory and trauma, Excitotoxicity, Cerebral hemorrhage, Primary and secondary brain injury, Dementia pugilistica, Skull fracture, Autonomic dysreflexia, Coup contrecoup injury, Cerebral contusion, Quadriplegia, Epileptogenesis, Concussion grading systems, Decompressive craniectomy, NINDS brain trauma research, Post-traumatic amnesia, Intracranial hemorrhage, Cauda equina syndrome, Penetrating head injury, Cognitive rehabilitation therapy, Brain Trauma Foundation, Intraparenchymal hemorrhage, Reperfusion injury, Focal and diffuse brain injury, Brain damage, Intraventricular hemorrhage, Head injury criterion, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, Lucid interval, Peripheral nerve injury classification, Axonotmesis, Kookal Ramunni Krishnan, Cerebral perfusion pressure, Cerebral laceration, Paraplegia, Neurorehabilitation, Opisthotonus, Germinal matrix hemorrhage, Midline shift, Cushing's triad, Frontal lobe injury, Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire, Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, Neurointensive care, Zasetsky, Minor's disease, Diaschisis, Hand of benediction, Hunt and Hess scale, Gourmand syndrome, Digestion chambers, Xenon-enhanced CT scanning, Leukocytosis in head trauma, Still Me, Burst lobe. Excerpt: Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g. occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Head injury usually refers to TBI, but is a broader category because it can involve damage to structures other than the brain, such as the scalp and skull. TBI is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, especially in children and young adults. Causes include falls, vehicle accidents, and violence. Prevention measures include use of technology to protect those who are in accidents, such as seat belts and sports or motorcycle helmets, as well as efforts to reduce the number of accidents, such as safety education programs and enforcement of traffic laws. Brain trauma can be caused by a direct impact or by acceleration alone. In addition to the damage caused at the moment of injury, brain trauma causes secondary injury, a variety of events that take place in the minutes and days following the injury. These processes, which include alterations in cerebral blood flow and the pressure within the skull, contribute substantially to the damage from the initial injury. TBI can cause a host of physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral effects, and outcome can range from complete recovery to permanent disability or death. The 20th century saw critical developments in diagnosis and treatment which decreased death rates and improved outcome. These include imaging techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonanc...