Titel: American Archives
Autor/en: Shawn Michelle Smith
Gender, Race, and Class in Visual Culture.
60 b&w illus.
Princeton University Press
29. November 1999 - kartoniert - 302 Seiten
"An imaginative, responsible, and very timely work. Shawn Michelle Smith brings into focus important connections between the development of photographic techniques and eugenic strategies in the articulation of a white middle-class identity. Her material explanation of how these cultural strategies came into existence is suggestive and exciting. This is a first-rate book that will be read widely in the fields of English and cultural studies, American studies, and women and gender studies."--Priscilla Wald, University of Washington
"A brilliant and important book. . . . The way it treats its visual evidence shows an eye so deeply schooled in American cultural history and so sensitive to the nuances and value of close reading that the visual material itself becomes transubstantiated into critical theory. I have been waiting for years for a book like this to come along."--Laura Wexler, Yale University
List of Illustrations ix Acknowledgments xii Introduction American Archives 3 Chapter One Prying Eyes and Middle-Class Magic in The House of the Seven Gables 11 "Magnetic" Daguerreotypes and the Masculine Gaze 12 Evil Eyes and Feminine Essence 19 Making the House a Home 24 The Public Private Sphere 26 Chapter Two The Properties of Blood 29 The Blood That Flows in Subterranean Pipes 31 Blood, Character, and Race 41 The Spectacle of Race 45 Seeing Bloodlines 47 Chapter Three Superficial Depths 51 The Portrait and the Likeness. Photographing the Soul 55 Class Acts: Real Things and True Performances 62 The Criminal Body and the Portrait of a Type 68 Consuming Commodities: Gender in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction 93 Chapter Four "Baby's Picture Is Always Treasured": Eugenics and the Reproduction of Whiteness in the Family Photograph Album 113 Mechanically Reproducing Baby 115 Reproducing Racial Inheritance 122 Sentimental Aura and the Evidence of Race 132 Chapter Five America Coursing through Her Veins 136 From the Bonds of Love to Bloodlines 137 America's White Aristocracy 141 In the Name of White Womanhood 144 "A Heritage Unique in the Ages" 150 Chapter Six Photographing the "American Negro": Nation, Race, and Photography at the Paris Exposition of 1900 157 Racialized Bodies, National Character, and Photographic Documentation 158 Making Americans 167 Conserving Race in the Nation 177 Chapter Seven Looking Back: Pauline Hopkins's Challenge to Eugenics 187 Envisioning Race: Bodies on Display in Hagar's Daughter "Sons of One Father" 194 Excavating the Hidden Self 198 Visions beyond the Color Line 203 Chapter Eight Reconfiguring a Masculine Gaze 206 Visions of Commodified Identity in Consumer Culture 207 Conspicuous Consumption under a Masculine Gaze: Rethinking Gender in Sister Carrie 210 Parting Glances 220 Afterimages A Brief Look at American Visual Culture in the 1990s 222 Notes 227 Bibliography 271 Index 291
"American Archives offers an intellectually adventurous and often astute assessment of visual culture's role in constructing American identity."--Joshua Brown, The Journal of American History "The volume is full of provocative ideas and juxtapositionings. It is a deeply researched, rich, and complex weaving-together of important empirical material and theoretical strands which are relevant beyond the volume's substantive subject matter."--Elizabeth Edwards, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute