Titel: Brain Repair
Autor/en: Sonald G. Stein, Donald G. Stein, Sim?n Brailowsky
OXFORD UNIV PR
August 1997 - kartoniert - 176 Seiten
Sixty years ago, the Nobel laureate Santiago Ramon y Cajal stated that "in the adult brain, nervous pathways are fixed and immutable; everything may die, nothing may be regenerated." Cajal's influence has been legendary--and conventional wisdom still holds that the human brain cannot repair
itself. Today, however, remarkable discoveries from laboratories around the world offer a much more optimistic prognosis. In Brain Repair, three internationally renowned neuroscientists team up to offer an intriguing and up-to-the-minute introduction to the explosive advances being made in the
research, technology, and treatment of brain damage.
The key to neuroscience's most exciting discoveries to date is a theory that is rapidly gaining adherents in the scientific community--the theory of neuroplasticity. Unlike the prevalent notion that mental processes--like seeing, remembering, and speaking--take place only within highly specialized
brain regions made up of irreplaceable and non-regenerating cells, neuroplasticity stresses that cells throughout the brain can not only regenerate, but can adapt their function to assume critical roles once performed by damaged tissue. In clear, accessible language, the authors show us that the
brain manufactures a host of complex chemicals that actually foster growth in damaged brain cells. We visit the laboratories where researchers are untangling the mystery of Parkinson's disease and trying to understand what goes wrong in stroke victims, and why some, thought permanently impaired,
show remarkable improvements. In addition, they discuss how even today misguided ideas can adversely affect how physicians treat patients--for example, theydescribe common drug treatments given to stroke and head trauma patients that can actually worsen the effects of brain damage. And, along the
way, they detail the fascinating history of how brain structure and functioning has been understood and studied, from prehistoric time
1. How the brain functions: A brief chronology of a long history; 2. Looking into the living brain; 3. Neuronal and synaptic plasticity: Neurons at work; 4. Regeneration, repair and reorganization; 5. Factors in the brain that enhance growth and repair; 6. Age, time, and plasticity; 7. Brain transplants as therapy for brain injuries; 8. The pharmacology of brain injury repair; 9. Environment, brain function and brain repair; 10. Where do we go from here?
Donald G. Stein is Professor of Psychobiology and former Dean of the Graduate School at Rutgers University. Simon Brailowsky is Professor of Neuroscience at the National University of Mexico. Bruno Will is Professor of Behavioral neuroscience at Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France.
"Fascinating and helful in better understanding the brain."--The New England Journal of Medicine
"Justifiable optimism is the theme of this carefully thought-out, clearly written book."--Booklist