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Materials Processing During Casting als Buch

Materials Processing During Casting

1. Auflage. Sprache: Englisch.
Buch (kartoniert)
Casting is one of the most important processes in materials technology. In this unique book, each step in the casting and solidification process is described and models are set up, which in many cases can be approximated by simplified analytical expr … weiterlesen
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Materials Processing During Casting als Buch


Titel: Materials Processing During Casting
Autor/en: Hasse Fredriksson, Ulla Kerlind

ISBN: 0470015144
EAN: 9780470015148
1. Auflage.
Sprache: Englisch.

24. März 2006 - kartoniert - 434 Seiten


This text covers most aspects of casting. It deals with the principles behind modern casting with applications incorporated for both ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The text consists of 11 chapters:
* Chapters 1-2 presents a short introductory survey methods and equipment.
* Chapters 3-6 describe the theoretical basis behind modern casting processes in foundries and cost houses.
* Chapters 7-11 have a more practical approach to the casting of various metals. The principles derived in the earlier chapters are applied to teach the reader how various problems can be designed in an optimal way, according to the present knowledge of casting science. Due to the importance of steel and iron-based alloys a good deal of the content is devoted to these alloys but the principles and phenomena are general.

Most chapters contain several solved examples and at the end of chapters 3-11 aa selection of exercises is given. The answers to all of the exercises are listed at the end of the book.

An accompanying 'Guide to exercises' provides complete solutions to all of the exercises, step by step. The solutions in the Guide are designed to encourage the students to work on their own, i.e. the idea is help to self-help to achieve increased understanding of the topic. The Guide can be downloaded in PDF format from www.wiley.com.

This extensive book offer materials for several courses on different aspects of the subject with the option of varying the level of the courses. It is appropriate for undergraduate as well as masters students in materials technology, as well as for students in mechanical engineering with some knowledge of materials processing. This text can be used by PhD students and researcher in material science who are working with problems connected to casting processing.



Chapter 1: Component Casting.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Casting of Components.

Chapter 2: Cast House Processes.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Ingot Casting.

2.3 Continuous Casting.

2.4 From Ladle to Chill-mould in Continuous Casting of Steel.

2.5 Near Net Shape Casting.

2.6 The ESR Process.

Chapter 3 Casting Hydrodynamics.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Basic Hydrodynamics.

3.3 Gating Systems in Component Casting.

3.4 Gating System in Ingot Casting.

3.5 Gating System in Continuous Casting.

3.6 Inclusion Control in Gating Systems - Ceramic Filters.

3.7 Maximum Fluidity Length.



Chapter 4: Heat Transport during Component Casting.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Basic Concepts and Laws of Heat Transport.

4.3 Theory of Heat Transport in Casting of Metals and Alloys.

4.4 Heat Transport in Component Casting.



Chapter 5: Heat Transport in Cast House Processes.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Natural Convection in Metal Melts.

5.3 Heat Transport in Ingot Casting.

5.4 Water Cooling.

5.5 Heat Transport during Continuous Casting of Steel.

5.6 Heat Transport in the ESR Process.

5.7 Heat Transport in Near Net Shape Casting.

5.8 Heat Transport in Spray Casting.



Chapter 6: Structure and Structure Formation in Cast Materials.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Structure Formation in Cast Materials.

6.3 Dendrite Structure and Dendrite Growth.

6.4 Eutectic Structure and Eutectic Growth.

6.5 Cooling Curves and Structure.

6.6 Unidirectional Solidification.

6.7 Macrostructures in Cast Materials.

6.8 Macrostructures in Ingot Cast Materials.

6.9 Macrostructures in Continuously Cast Materials.

6.10 Macrostructures in Near Net Shape Cast Materials.

6.11 Amorphous Metals.



Chapter 7: Microsegregation in Alloys - Peritectic Reactions and Transformations.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Cooling Curves, Dendritic Growth, and Microsegregation.

7.3 Scheil's Segregation Equation - a Model of Microsegregation.

7.4 Solidification Processes in Alloys.

7.5 Influence of Back Diffusion in the Solid Phase on Microsegregation of Alloys.

7.6 Solidification Processes and Microsegregation in Iron-base Alloys.

7.7 Peritectic Reactions and Transformations in Binary Iron-base Alloys.

7.8 Microsegregation in Multicomponent Alloys.

7.9 Microsegregation and Peritectic Reactions and Transformations in Multicomponent Iron-base Alloys.



Chapter 8: Heat Treatment and Plastic Forming.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Homogenization.

8.3 Dissolution of Secondary Phases.

8.4 Change of Casting Structure During Cooling and Plastic Deformation.

8.5 Cooling Shrinkage and Stress Relief Heat Treatment.

8.6 Hot Isostatic Pressing.



Chapter 9: Precipitation of Pores and Slag Inclusions during Casting Processes.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Units and Laws.

9.3 Precipitation of Gases in Metal Melts.

9.4 Precipitation of Inclusions in Metal Melts.

9.5 Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys.

9.6 Copper and Copper Alloys.

9.7 Steel and Iron Alloys.

9.8 Cast Iron.

9.9 Nickel and Nickel-Base Alloys.



Chapter 10: Solidification and Cooling Shrinkage of Metals and Alloys.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Solidification and Cooling Shrinkage.

10.3 Concepts and Laws. Methods of Measurement.

10.4 Solidification and Cooling Shrinkage during Casting.

10.5 Solidification Shrinkage during Ingot Casting.

10.6 Solidification and Cooling Shrinkage during Continuous Casting.

10.7 Thermal Stress and Crack Formation during Solidification and Cooling Processes.



Chapter 11: Macrosegregation in Alloys.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Macrosegregation due to Solidification Shrinkage.

11.3 Macrosegregation during Unidirectional Solidification.

11.4 Inverse Macrosegregation.

11.5 Macrosegregation during Continuous Casting.

11.6 Centre Segregation during Continuous Casting.

11.7 Freckles.

11.8 Macrosegregation during Horizontal Solidification.

11.9 Macrosegregations in Steel Ingots.



Answers to Exercises.



Dr Hasse Fredriksson is professor in Casting of Metals at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. He is the leader of a very active research group since more than three decades. Dr Fredriksson is internationally known. He is author or co-author to more than 200 scientific papers. He has organized many Summer schools and international conferences in his field, the last one in June 2005.
Dr Ulla Åkerlind is a physicist (research field molecular physics) with long experience of undergraduate teaching at the Department of Physics at the University of Stockholm. She has co-operated in a set of text books in basic physics for the Swedish 'gymnasium' and produced learning aids for the undergraduate university level in physics.


" an excellent text for a metallurgy or materials engineering program scientists and engineers working in this field would benefit by having access to this book." ( Journal of Metals Online , September 27, 2006)
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