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The Influence of American Theories on Judicial Review in Nordic Constitutional Law

Sprache: Englisch.
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This study examines the influence of American law and theories of judicial review on the development, practice and theorization of judicial review in Norway, Denmark, and Iceland from the 19th century to the present. The study describes how Nordic sc… weiterlesen
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Produktdetails

Titel: The Influence of American Theories on Judicial Review in Nordic Constitutional Law
Autor/en: Ragnhildur Helgadottir

ISBN: 9004150021
EAN: 9789004150027
Sprache: Englisch.
BRILL ACADEMIC PUB

November 2005 - gebunden - 285 Seiten

Beschreibung

This study examines the influence of American law and theories of judicial review on the development, practice and theorization of judicial review in Norway, Denmark, and Iceland from the 19th century to the present. The study describes how Nordic scholars in the late 19th century rationalized judicial review based on American theory and how American law influenced both their views of the institution and their way of thinking about substantive constitutional rights. These views in turn influenced Nordic jurisprudence for decades.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

PART 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. A brief overview of the constitutions of Norway, Denmark and Iceland; 1.2. What follows; PART 2. CONSTITUTIONAL JURISPRUDENCE IN THE NORDIC COUNTRIES AND IN THE U.S. AROUND THE TURN OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY 2.1.Introduction; 2.2. Overview of 19th century American legal thought; 2.2.1. Antipathy towards special legislation; 2.2.2. Private and public spheres; 2.2.3. Vested rights; 2.2.4. The scope of the police power; 2.2.5. Summary; 2.3. American law in Nordic theory; 2.3.1. The role of treatises in 19th century constitutional law; 2.3.2. "The Present Constitution of Norway"; 2.3.3. American history as a response to those suspicious towards judicial review - Bredo Morgenstierne; 2.3.4. Constructing a theory - Frede Castberg; 2.3.5. The influence of American court-critics - Mikael Lie; 2.3.6. Danish and Icelandic writings; 2.3.7. Concluding remarks - the 19th century law writers' influence; 2.4. American influence in Nordic constitutional jurisprudence; 2.4.1. Judicial review and standards of review; 2.4.2. Liquor and milk - the doctrine of vested rights; 2.4.3. Pretextual use of governmental power; 2.4.4. Antipathy towards special legislation; 2.4.5. Private and public spheres; 2.4.6. Conclusions concerning the jurisprudence; 2.5. Conclusions; PART 3 THE COLLAPSE OF 'CLASSICAL LEGAL THOUGHT' AND NEW VIEWS ON THE ROLE OF THE JUDICIARY 3.1. Introduction; 3.2. Awareness of American developments; 3.3. Constitutional interpretation; 3.3.1. Norwegian theory; 3.3.2. Danish theory; 3.3.3. Icelandic theory; 3.3.4. Nordic theory - conclusions; 3.3.5. Changes in Norwegian case law after World War II; 3.3.6. Danish case law: a short note; 3.3.7. Icelandic case law - changes preceding the theory; 3.4. Levels of scrutiny - conflicting influences and tendencies; 3.4.1. The conceptual problem and the American solution; 3.4.2. Levels of scrutiny in Nordic theory; 3.4.3. Norwegian case law; 3.4.4. Icelandic case law; 3.4.5. Summary; 3.5. Economic regulation and the decline of the doctrine of vested rights; 3.5.1. Norwegian law; 3.5.2. Icelandic law; 3.6. Delegation of legislative power; 3.7. Conclusions; PART 4. THE FOCUS SHIFTS TO EUROPEAN LAW - THE PERIOD AFTER 1970 4.1. Introduction; 4.2. Nordic Writings about American Law after 1970; 4.2.1. Introduction; 4.2.2. The Influence of American First Amendment Theory - Peter Germer; 4.2.3. Discussion of American Theories of Judicial Review; 4.2.4. Conclusions; 4.3. American Influences on the Interpretation of the European Human Rights Convention and the Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights; 4.3.1. References to American Law in the European Human Rights Case Law; 4.3.2. Tiers of Scrutiny in General and in the Equal Protection Jurisprudence; 4.3.3. Abortion and the Right to Privacy - An Example of Mingling Constitutional Ideas; 4.4. The Impact of the European Convention on Human Rights on Nordic Constitutional Law; 4.5. Conclusions - The Period After 1970; PART 5. CONCLUSIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY; TABLE OF CASES; INDEX.

Portrait

Ragnhildur Helgadottir is an Assistant Professor of Law at Reykjavik University, where she specialises in constitutional law, legal theory and legal history. She has written articles and book-chapters on constitutional law and human rights in national and international law.

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