Titel: Jordan: A Study in Political Development (1921-1965)
Autor/en: N. H. Aruri
HC runder Rücken kaschiert.
31. Juli 1972 - gebunden - 224 Seiten
The past decade has been a period of excessive fiuctuation fluctuation in the distribution and exerciseof exercise of power power in in Jordan, Jordan, and and the the land land and and the the people people have have passed passed through through some some of the most agonizing moments of their history. The political climate has been polluted with suspicion and repression, and even when peace and tranquility retumed, returned, the determinants , Yen ere ,,,,ere the the external extemal factors, factors, rather rather than than the the internal intemal maturity maturity and and harmony harmony of the system to create conditions of life which could ensure respect respeet for law lawand and liberties liberties among among the the rulers, rulers, and and trust trust and and confidence confidence among among the the subjects. subjects. The The defeat defeat of Arab armies in June, 1967 stimulated the rise of a Palestinian resistance movement based in Trans-Jordan, commonly known as the East Bank. This element has given a new dimension to Jordanian politics. The government and Commandos are at cross-purposes on practically every issue of public policy. The civil war and the blood-shed it it entailed entailed have have further further critically critically strained strained relations relations between between the the two. two. This This has has perpetuated perpetuated an an atmosphere atmosphere of chronic tension and insecurity in the country.
I. Introduction: A Conceptual Framework.- I The Political Environment.- II. The Historical Background.- Abdullah's Campaign in Transjordan.- The Churchill-Abdullah Agreement.- Political Life in the Early Period.- Britain, Abdullah, and the Nationalists.- Britain, Abdullah and the tribes.- III. The Communal Structure of Politics.- Two People and One Nation.- Ethnic, Religious, and Social Minorities.- The Circassians.- The Christians.- The Refugees.- IV. Economic and Demographic Conditions.- Economic Conditions.- Agriculture and the Land.- Land Tenure.- Manufacturing and Mining.- Public Finance.- Demographic Characteristics.- II The Changing Structure of Society.- V. Patriarchal Oligarchy.- State-Building: The Adoption of Legal Status, 1922.- The Constitutional Structure, 1928-1946.- Political Parties.- The Political Process.- VI. Palace Politics Versus Constitutionalism (1950-1953).- The Constitutional Structure.- Political Parties since 1950.- Ideological Parties.- Bloc Parties.- The Political Process, 1950'1953.- The Cabinet.- Freedom of Expression and Political Association.- The Constitutional Amendments.- The Pattern of Challenge and Response: Reaction of the Palace Group.- The Defeat of Liberalism.- III External Factors in Political Development.- VII. From The Baghdad Pact to The Eisenhower Doctrine (1954-57).- Jordan and the Baghdad Pact.- The Dismissal of General Glubb.- The Unified Arab Command.- The Triumph of the Opposition.- Restoration of Royal Absolutism.- The Reign of Terror.- VIII. Jordan, The Arab Union, And The United Arab Republic.- The Arab Union: Constitutional Arrangements.- The Arab Union, Jordan and the Regional Balance of Power.- Jordan and the United Nations.- The System of Checks and Balances.- IX. The Search for Stability, 1959-1965.- Jordan and the United States, 1959-1960.- Jordan and Inter-Arab Relations, 1959-1962.- The United States and Inter-Arab Relations.- Economic and Political Reforms.- The First Phase: The Premiership of Hazza al-Majali.- The Second Phase: The Premiership of Wasfi Tell.- Economic Development: The Seven-Year Plan.- Political Reforms: The Seventh Parliament.- Political Reforms and Inter-Arab Politics.- X. Summary and Conclusions.