Titel: Impasse in Bolivia: Neoliberal Hegemony and Popular Resistance
Autor/en: Benjamin H. Kohl, Linda C. Farthing
ZED BOOKS LTD
Mai 2006 - kartoniert - 236 Seiten
This book explores the tensions between markets, democracy, neoliberalism, state restructuring and citizenship. In this regard, the balance of citizen rights has been shifted away from providing citizens with social rights to privileging the property rights of private, mostly transnational, firms. "Bolivian Stalemate" throws light on the reasons and processes behind the rising opposition in country after country in Latin America to the currently fashionable, internationally prescribed economic development strategy of neoliberalism.
Preface Acknowledgements Introduction: Entre fiestas y bloqueos (Between fiestas and blockades) 1: Neoliberal Globalization: The challenge of maintaining hegemony Neoliberalism - Neoliberalism in Practice: Structural Adjustment and the Washington Consensus - Neoliberalism as a Hegemonic System - Market-democracy - Neoliberalism and the State - Resistance to Neoliberalism and Challenges to Hegemony 2: From Francisco de Toledo to Jeffrey Sachs Reshaping the Andes: The Spanish Invasion - Republican Heritage: the Legacy of Liberalism - The Resurgence of Silver and the Rise of Tin - The Chaco War and the 1952 Revolution - Military Rule Return to Civilian Rule and Economic Crisis - Global Pressure and Local Response 3: The Neoliberal Invasion: Structural Adjustment and the New Economic Policy Bolivia's Economy before Neoliberalism - The New Economic Policy and Presidential Decree 21060 - Impacts of the NEP 1985-1994 - Constructing Hegemony: Cocaine, contraband, the informal economy, and remittances - Constructing Hegemony: Debilitating the COB - Constructing Hegemony: NGOs and the Church The MIR-ADN coalition: 1989 to 1994 - Conclusions 4: The Neoliberal Reinvention of Bolivia: The Plan de Todos Citizenship - Deepening Citizenship Rights: Constitutional Reform - Civil Rights: Agrarian and Judicial Reform - Political Rights: Popular Participation and Administrative Decentralization - Social Rights: Education Reform - Social and Economic Rights: Privatization and the Law of Capitalization - Social Response to the New Laws - Four Years Restructuring Bolivia: 'If-then' Policies in 'Yes-but' Environments 5: Privatization Bolivian Style Privatization and the practice of Neoliberalism - Privatization and Capitalization in Bolivia - Implementation Impacts - New opportunities for Rent-seeking - Social Responses to Capitalization - Bolivian Economy after Capitalization - Conclusions 6: Municipal Reform, Social Movements, and New Electoral Politics Decentralization, Participation, and Development - Bolivia's Law of Popular Participation (LPP) - New roles for Local Actors - Impacts of the LPP - The LPP, electoral politics, and social movements - Conclusions 7: The Neoliberal Wars: Water, Taxes, and Gas The setting - Reformulating opposition in the 1990's - The Water War: a turning point - Campesino uprisings in April and September 2000 - Rise of landless campesino movement - The political success of the MAS - The Tax War - The Gas War - Conclusions 8: Global Trends and Local Responses: Contesting Neoliberalism Neoliberal Hegemony: Fractured, fragmented, and mutilated - Nationalist challenges to global neoliberal hegemony - Going global: challenges in constructing an anti-neoliberal discourse - Limitations of national resistance movements in a global market - Conclusions References Appendix List of abbreviations
Benjamin Kohl teaches geography at Temple University and is a development consultant. Linda Farthing is a journalist, educator and activist who is co-founder of the Bolivia Bulletin and the Andean Information Network.
'The crisis in contemporary Bolivia is exceptional even by the formidable standards of the region. A confrontation between global forces and local populations, a battle over basic ideas in political economy, a comprehensive struggle over natural resources and their proper use, and a prolonged dispute over the political organisation of the republic have combined in an extraordinary experience of contested nationhood. This admirable book is written with both bold engagement and clear-headedness. Its authority derives from the author's deep knowledge of Bolivia, where they have lived and on which they have written over a range of issues. Lucid and well structured, the book provides an excellent synthetic account and analysis of the Bolivian labyrinth.' - James Dunkerley is Professor of Politics and History and Director of the Institute for the Study of the Americas at the University of London and editor of the Journal of Latin American Studies. His books include Rebellion in the veins: political struggle in Bolivia, 1952-82 and Americana: The Americas in the World, around 1850 (or 'Seeing the Elephant' 'A comprehensive and engaging account of Bolivia's recent history, the failures of neo-liberalism, and the struggles to move beyond the country's current impasse. Farthing and Kohl know and love their subject, and they clearly show the nature of political tensions and economic difficulties facing the country. Their analysis of Bolivia's march from the economic crisis of the early1980s through its neo-liberal reforms and the more recent "wars" around water, taxes and gas is very illuminating. The book should be of interest not only to Bolivianists but to anybody interested in developing countries and Latin America'. - Lourdes Beneria is Professor of City and Regional Planning and Women's Studies at Cornell University. Her books include Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as if People Mattered 'For half a decade Bolivia has been growing as a global symbol of popular resistance to economic models largely imposed upon it from abroad. Kohl's and Farthing's book provides a deep and unique analysis at how five hundred years of history have brought us to this point.' - Jim Shultz is founder and director of The Democracy Center in Cochabamba and author, most recently of, "Deadly Consequences:The IMF and Bolivia's Black February". 'With Impasse in Bolivia Ben Kohl and Linda Farthing have secured a place as leading scholars of contemporary Bolivia. This book is a clear and vivid account of the disastrous consequences of neoliberalism and the vibrant struggles against structural adjustment in Bolivia'.-- Tom Angotti, Professor of Urban Affairs & Planning, Hunter College/CUNY, Co-editor Progressive Planning Magazine - Tom Angotti is Professor in the Hunter College Department of Urban Affairs & Planning in New York City. From 1995 to 2001 he was Professor and Chair of the Graduate Center for Planning and the Environment at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York. He is the author of Metropolis 2000: Planning, Poverty and Politics