Titel: Human Variation: Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups
Autor/en: Stephen Molnar
ROUTLEDGE CHAPMAN HALL
Dezember 2005 - kartoniert - 434 Seiten
This classic introduction to human variation has been updated to include the issues and controversies facing the contemporary study of diversity. Covers the adaptation of complex traits; how the race concept shapes our perspective of health and disease; the distribution of human differences; and human variability and behavior. For those studying anthropology, biology, evolution, or human variation or human diversity.
Contents Chapter 1 Biological Diversity and the Race Concept: An Introduction Human Variation: Its Discovery and Classification Anthropometry: The Measures of Human Variation Eugenics Racial Boundaries: Fact or Fiction? Race, Geography, and Origins Confusions and Contradictions of Human Classification Human Biological Variability: A Perspectiive Chapter 2 The Biological Basis for Human Variation Principles of Inheritance Formal Human Genetics Factors of Variation and Evolution The Gene, DNA, and the "Code of Life," Chromosomes at the Molecular Level Gene Clusters and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs) Y-Chromosome DNA Polymorphisms Mitochondrial DNA Genes and Populations: A Summary Chapter 3 Traits of Simple Inheritance I: Blood Groups and Proteins Blood Components and Inherited Traits The Blood Groups The Blood Groups: An Overview White Blood Cell (WBC) Antigens Polymorphisms of Serum Proteins Inborn Errors of Metabolism Other Polymorphisms of Anthropological Interest Traits of Simple Inheritance: Some Conclusions Chapter 4 Traits of Simple Inheritance II: Hemoglobin Variants and DNA Markers Hemoglobins: Normal and Abnormal Distribution of Hemoglobin S Malaria and Natural Selection Other Abnormal Hemoglobins The Enzyme G6PD (Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase) Distribution of Red-Cell Variants in Sardinian Populations Gene Frequency Changes and African Americans DNA Markers of Human Variation Genetic Markers at the DNA Level: Some Conclusions Chapter 5 Traits of Complex Inheritance and Their Adaptations: I The Structure and Function of Skin Skin Color and Evolution Craniofacial Traits Eye Color and Hair Color Human Form and Its Variability Body Size and Form: Perspectives of Heredity Chapter 6 Traits of Complex Inheritance and Their Adaptations: II Characteristics of Growth and Development Nutritional Influences Adaptations to Cold or Hot Environments High Altitude Environments: Stresses and Responses Conclusions: Complex Traits and Their Adaptations Chapter 7 Human Variability, Behavior, and Racism Race, Nations, and Racism Intelligence Quotient: A Measure of Mental Ability? Behavior and Inheritance or Inheritance of Behavior Class and Caste Genetics, Intelligence, and the Future Chapter 8 Distribution of Human Biodiversity Some Factors Contributing to Gene Distribution Races, Ethnic Groups, or Breeding Populations Breeding Populations Clinal Distribution of Traits Breeding Populations versus Clines Chapter 9 Perspectives of Health and Human Diversity: Influences of the Race Concept Epidemiiological Transition: The Distribution and Type of Disease The Developing World and Epidemiological Transitions A New World, but Old Diseases What Is a Race? Genes, Races, Environments, and Diseases: Some Conclusions Chapter 10 Changing Dimensions of the Human Species Population Size and Growth: Historical Perspectives Factors of Population Change Empowerment of Women Fertility Differences and Population Composition Demographic Balances Regional Changes and World Populations Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups: Where Are We?