Titel: Biology of Personality and Individual Differences
Herausgegeben von Turhan Canli
Februar 2006 - gebunden - 462 Seiten
This is the first book to provide an overview of current research using cutting-edge genetic and neuroimaging methods in the study of personality. Integrating compelling lines of inquiry that until now have largely remained disparate, the volume brings together leading investigators from personality psychology; clinical psychology and psychiatry; cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience; and comparative psychology. Coverage includes the structure of personality and its mapping onto biology, genetic markers for individual differences, vulnerability to psychopathology, sex differences, age-related processes, and functional neuroimaging approaches.
Part I: Overview and a Historical Perspective. Canli, Introduction. Fowles, Jeffrey Gray's Contributions to Theories of Anxiety, Personality, and Psychopathology. Part II: Studies of Extraversion and Related Traits. Zuckerman, Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking. Depue, Interpersonal Behavior and the Structure of Personality: Neurobehavioral Foundation of Agentic Extraversion and Affiliation. Canli, Genomic Imaging of Extraversion. Knutson, Bhanji, Neural Substrates for Emotional Traits?: The Case of Extraversion. Herrington, Koven, Miller, Heller, Mapping the Neural Correlates of Dimensions of Personality, Emotion, and Motivation. Part III: Age and Sex as Determinants of Individual Differences. Knight , Mather, The Affective Neuroscience of Aging and its Implications for Cognition. Hamann, Sex Differences in Neural Responses to Sexual Stimuli in Humans. Sinha, Sex Differences in Brain Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Response to Stress. Part IV: Genetic and Neural Analyses of Anxiety-related Traits. Gillespie, Martin, Neuroticism as a Genetic Marker for Mood and Anxiety. Middeldorp, Cath, van den Berg, Beem, van Dyck, Boomsma, The Association of Personality with Anxious and Depressive Psychopathology. Lesch, Canli, 5-HT 1A Receptor and Anxiety-related Traits: Pharmacology, Genetics, and Imaging. Hariri, Genetically Driven Variation in Serotonin Function: Impact on Amygdala Reactivity and Individual Differences in Fearful and Anxious Personality. Part V: Individual Differences in Children. Viding, Plomin, Etiology of Psychopathic Tendencies in Children: Distinguishing a Genetically Vulnerable Subgroup of Children with Antisocial Behavior. Lau, Eley, A Cognitive-Behavioral Genetic Approach to Emotional Development in Childhood and Adolescence. Gotlib, Joormann, Minor, Cooney, Cognitive and Biological Functioning in Children at Risk for Depression. Part VI: Personality in Animals. Chiavegatto, Using Mouse Models to Unravel Aggressive Behavior. Weiss, King, Searching for Genetic and Environment Contributions to Personality and Happiness in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Mehta, Gosling, How Can Animal Studies Contribute to Research on the Biological Bases of Personality?
Turhan Canli, PhD, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Stony Brook University and a member of the Graduate Program in Genetics. He holds degrees from Tufts University (BA, 1988) and from Yale University (PhD, 1993). Dr. Canli's research focuses on the neurogenetic basis of personality and emotion, using a combination of cognitive-behavioral paradigms, noninvasive brain imaging (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and stimulation (transcranial magnetic stimulation), and genotyping for gene polymorphisms related to personality traits.
'Questions about the biological basis of personality and the self are among the most important and least understood ones facing brain scientists and other biologists and psychologists. This volume provides an excellent, up-to-date survey of some of the key issues from a variety of perspectives. It will be a valuable resource for all who are interested in these topics.' - Joseph LeDoux, PhD, Center for Neural Science, New York University, USA 'This is an outstanding book on biological processes underlying some of the major dimensions of personality and individual differences. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers alike. Current findings from diverse fields such as cognition, psychiatry, behavioral neuroscience, and comparative psychology address personality traits and processes, showing how far we have come and how far yet there is to go.' - Paul T. Costa, Jr., PhD