Titel: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes
Defining the Role of the Northern Seas in Climate.
Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2008.
Herausgegeben von Robert R. Dickson, Jens Meincke, Peter Rhines
5. November 2010 - kartoniert - 748 Seiten
We are only now beginning to understand the climatic impact of the remarkable events that are now occurring in subarctic waters. Researchers, however, have yet to agree upon a predictive model that links change in our northern seas to climate. This volume brings together the body of evidence needed to develop climate models that quantify the ocean exchanges through subarctic seas, measure their variability, and gauge their impact on climate.
A. The Subarctic seas as a source of Arctic change.
1. The inflow of Atlantic water, heat, and salt to the Nordic Seas across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge
2. Flux of heat, salt and mass to the Arctic Ocean via Norway Coast and Barents Sea
3. Flux of heat, salt and mass to the Arctic Ocean via Fram Strait. Eberhard Fahrbach
4. The debate about the importance of ocean heat transport to climate
5. Long-term variability of Atlantic water inflow to the Northern Seas: insights from model experiments
B. The freshwater flux from Northern seas as a moderator of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
6. Freshwater storage in the Northern Ocean: spatial distribution and temporal variation
7. Modelling the sea ice export through Fram Strait
8. Arctic outflows across the Canadian Polar Shelf
9. The freshwater flux from Hudson Strait
10. Freshwater fluxes east of Greenland
11. Changing ideas about how freshwater impacts the AMOC at local, regional and global scales
12. Constraints on calculating the balances of heat, mass and salt for the Arctic Mediterranean
13. Variability and change in the atmospheric branch of the Arctic hydrologic cycle
14. Simulating the terms in the Arctic hydrological budget. Peili Wu, Helmuth Haak
15. Is the Conveyor Belt Threatened by Arctic Ocean Fresh Water Outflow?
16. Long term variability of the freshwater export from the Arctic Ocean as seen in model results
C. The dense water overflows from Northern Seas as drivers of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.
17. The overflow flux east of Iceland: variability, origins, forcing and fate
18. The overflow flux west of Iceland: variability, origins and forcing
19. Tracer evidence of DSOW origins and variability
20. Transformation and fate of the overflows in the subpolar North Atlantic
21. Modelling of dense overflows
D. The 'receiving volume' of the northern North Atlantic.
22. Satellite evidence of change in the Northern Gyre
23. The history of Labrador Sea Water
24. Convective- to gyrescale-dynamics, the first SeaGlider campaigns, 2003-5
25. The 'footprint' of subgrid convective events and their climatic importance
26. North Atlantic Deep Water transformation in the Labrador Sea, recirculation through the subpolar gyre, and discharge to the subtropics
27. Accessing the inaccessible: towards an understanding of Subarctic shelf processes
E. Invited lectures
28. The bursting of the Baltic and its impact: the 'European Lake Agassiz' Lennart Bengtsson, Director, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, 1991 - 2000.
29. Trends in the Climatic Forcing of Northern Seas'. Jim Hurrell, Director, Climate Dynamics Division, NCAR
30. How would ASOF define the cutting-edge questions for the IPY across its domain? In the light of these, what is an appropriate ocean-observing system for climate in subarctic seas? ASOF Group.