Titel: Death by a Thousand Cuts
Autor/en: Michael J. Graetz, Ian Shapiro
The Fight over Taxing Inherited Wealth.
Princeton University Press
13. August 2006 - kartoniert - 388 Seiten
This fast-paced book by Yale professors Michael Graetz and Ian Shapiro unravels the following mystery: How is it that the estate tax, which has been on the books continuously since 1916 and is paid by only the wealthiest two percent of Americans, was repealed in 2001 with broad bipartisan support? The mystery is all the more striking because the repeal was not done in the dead of night, like a congressional pay raise. It came at the end of a multiyear populist campaign launched by a few individuals, and was heralded by its supporters as a signal achievement for Americans who are committed to the work ethic and the American Dream.
Graetz and Shapiro conducted wide-ranging interviews with the relevant players: members of congress, senators, staffers from the key committees and the Bush White House, civil servants, think tank and interest group representatives, and many others. The result is a unique portrait of American politics as viewed through the lens of the death tax repeal saga. Graetz and Shapiro brilliantly illuminate the repeal campaign's many fascinating and unexpected turns--particularly the odd end result whereby the repeal is slated to self-destruct a decade after its passage. They show that the stakes in this fight are exceedingly high; the very survival of the long standing American consensus on progressive taxation is being threatened.
Graetz and Shapiro's rich narrative reads more like a political drama than a conventional work of scholarship. Yet every page is suffused by their intimate knowledge of the history of the tax code, the transformation of American conservatism over the past three decades, and the wider political implications of battles over tax policy.
An American Story 1 1. A Political Mystery 3 2. Genesis of the Repeal Coalition 12 3. Squall or Sea Change? 24 4. An Opportunity Missed 32 5. An Advocate for the Working Rich 41 6. Stories from the Grasstops 50 7. Changing the Face for Repeal 62 8. Talking the Talk 74 9. Exploiting the Think Tank Gap 85 10. Disorganized Democrats 99 11. Pushing against an Open Door 107 12. The Running Room of Public Opinion 119 The Battle for Passage 131 13. The Missing Link 133 14. Building a Strong Offense 143 15. The Birth of a New Coalition 154 16. Billionaires Battle 168 17. Paint-by-Numbers Lawmaking 178 18. The Final Four 194 19. Winners, Losers, and Uncertainty 206 Lessons Learned and Missed 219 20. Stories Trump Science 221 21. Money, Money, Money 239 22. Morals of the Mysteries 253 23. Another Storm Gathering 266 Epilogue 279 Glossary 283 Bibliographic Essay 293 Acknowledgments 357 Index 359
Michael J. Graetz is the Justus S. Hotchkiss Professor of Law at Yale University and one of America's foremost experts on tax policy. Ian Shapiro is Sterling Professor of Political Science and Henry R. Luce Director of the Yale Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University, and a leading political theorist.
Honorable Mention for the 2005 Award for Best Professional/Scholarly Book in Government and Political Science, Association of American Publishers "This is one of the most interesting books about politics, and power, and the way the world is going, that you are ever likely to read. What makes it so fascinating is that it is a mystery story. The mystery is this: how did the repeal of a tax that applies only to the richest 2 percent of American families become a cause so popular and so powerful that it steamrollered all the opposition placed in its way... This is not simply a story about the United States... [T]he moral of the tale is far wider than that... Instead this is a tale about the power of narrative in politics, and the increasing ease with which individual stories can be made the be-all and end-all of political debate."--David Runciman, London Review of Books "[Michael] Graetz ... And [Ian] Shapiro ... Set out to unravel what on the surface appears a mystery ... Fueled a grassroots campaign that ended up throwing Democrats on the defensive... Graetz and Shapiro make a convincing case that propaganda was not the chief reason the campaign to repeal the estate tax gathered steam. A far more important factor was that throughout the 1990s, the only people in Washington making impassioned moral arguments about it were antitax conservatives."--Eyal Press, The Nation "Public-policy reporting at its finest. But Death by a Thousand Cuts is much more. It is also an important manual on moral arguments in contemporary politics."--David Cay Johnston, The American Prospect "[A] lively legislative chronicle."--Amith Shlaes, Financial Times "An elegant exegesis of the broad-based political forces that were brought together to fight against a tax that affects only the richest 1% to 2%... There is a moral argument in favor of estate taxes that deserves to be heard above the clatter of the repeal juggernaut. This book is one of the first peeps in its defense."--Elizabeth Bailey, The New York Sun "Death by a Thousand Cuts is a timely and important book... [I]t provides an enlightening and insightful account of the American political and tax systems."--Theodore Pollack, New York Law Journal "Graetz and Shapiro are at their best when depicting the subterranean interplay between activists, think tanks, lobbyists, and donors that fuels federal politics."--Daniel Franklin, Washington Monthly "How could a tax paid by only the richest 2 percent of Americans become a cause c?l?bre for a broad swath of middle-class farmers, businessmen and average Joes? [Graetz and Shapiro] provide a fascinating and readable explanation."--Jonathan Weisman, Washington Post "The book is engaging, enlightening, and thought-provoking... Graetz and Shapiro have written a remarkable book that deserves a wide audience. Their account of ?the fight over taxing inherited wealth? is notable not only for its sophisticated and penetrating analysis, but also for its scrupulous fairness."--Karen C. Burke and Grayson M.P. McCouch, Tax Notes "Instead of rehashing the tired arguments about whether or not the estate tax should exist, these scholars undertook an incredible series of high-level interviews with the leading actors involved in this critical debate. The result is an easily accessible but highly insightful examination of the tax climate in early 21st century America... Death by a Thousand Cuts clearly sounds a wake-up call to anyone who has not already seen how much the political center has shifted regarding the fundamental issues of what government should do and who should pay for it."--Richard L. Kaplan, National Tax Journal "However you feel about the death tax, the book will make you glad that the power that controls our deaths is not the same one that controls our taxes."--Accounting Today