Titel: Chinese St.Louis
Autor/en: Huping Ling
From Enclave to Cultural Community.
18ill. 2fig. 10tabs. 2M.
Temple University Press,U.S.
5. Januar 2001 - gebunden - 296 Seiten
Chinese St. Louis offers the first empirical study of a Midwestern Chinese American community from its nineteenth-century origins to the present. As in many cities, Chinese newcomers were soon segregated in an enclave; in St. Louis the enclave was called "Hop Alley." Huping Ling shows how, over time, the community grew and dispersed until it was no longer marked by physical boundaries. She argues that the St. Louis experience departs from the standard models of Chinese settlement in urban areas, which are based on studies of coastal cities. Developing the concept of a cultural community, Ling shows how Chinese Americans in St. Louis have formed and maintained cultural institutions and organizations for social and political purposes throughout the city, which serve as the community's infrastructures. Thus the history of Chinese Americans in St. Louis more closely parallels that of other urban ethnic groups and offers new insight into the range of adaptation and assimilation experience in the United States.
List of Tables List of Illustrations Acknowledgments 1. Introduction Chinese Community in St. Louis from the Perspective of Migration and Assimilation Theories Chinese Community in St. Louis in the Contexts of Chinese Urban Communities and the Urban Studies Types of Chinatowns: Geographical Division, Characterizational Division Defining Cultural Community and Its Significance Scope and Methodology Period One: "Hop Alley," A Community for Survival, 1860s-1966 2. Building "Hop Alley": Myth and Reality, 1860s-1930s Early Arrivals: From Golden State to the Mound City Myth of "Hop Alley" and the Institutionalized Discrimination Reality in "Hop Alley": Businesses Chinese at the St. Louis World's Fair 3. Living in "Hop Alley," 1860s-1930s Pioneer Women and Family Lives Interracial Marriage, Sexuality, and Racial Relations Sunday Schools and Early Americanization Recreation and Social Awakening The Final Resting Places: Wesleyan and Valhalla Cemeteries 4. Governing "Hop Alley": On Leong Chinese Merchants and Laborers Association, 1906-1966 Formation and Functions of On Leong "The Mayors of Chinatown" Headquarters of On Leong War Efforts and On Leong Assessment of On Leong 5. Dwindling "Hop Alley," 1920s-1966 New Generation Great Depression and Its Impact on Chinese in St. Louis Chinese and World War II Pioneer Professionals Urban Renewal and the End of "Hop Alley" Period Two: Building a Cultural Community, 1960s-2000s 6. Emerging Suburban Chinese American Communities, 1960s-1980s Last Headquarters of On Leong and the Second Removal of Chinatown New Arrivals Transformation of Economy: From Laundry to Restaurant, Professionals, Characteristics of the Chinese Economy in St. Louis Campaign to Save the Last Chinese Hand Laundry: Sam Wah Laundry Vietnamese Chinese Community and Korean Chinese Community 7. Building a Cultural Community, 1960s-1980s Defining the Cultural Community New Community Organizations: St. Louis Chinese Society, St. Louis Chapter of Organization of Chinese Americans (OCA), St. Louis Taiwanese Association, St. Louis Chinese Jaycees, Chinese Liberty Assembly, Chinese Cultural Center Chinese Churches: St. Louis Chinese Gospel Church, St. Louis Christian Church Chinese Language Schools: St. Louis Chinese Academy, St. Louis Chinese Language School Dominance of the Professionals from Taiwan Assessment of the Cultural Community 8. Development of the Cultural Community, 1990s-2000s Strengthening the Cultural Community: Chinese Students and Professionals from Mainland China Study Abroad Movement and Tiananmen Incident, Employment Patterns: Professionals and New Entrepreneurs Realigning the Cultural Community: St. Louis Chinese Association and St. Louis Modern Chinese Language School Press in the Cultural Community: St. Louis Chinese American News and St. Louis Chinese Journal Commerce in the Cultural Community: A New Ethnic Economy Dispersion of the Food Service Industry, Concentration of the Grocer-Wholesale Business, Laborers in Traditional Service Industries, Rapid Growth of the Non-Traditional Service Industries Politicizing the Cultural Community: Political Fragmentation, Political Unity, From Marginal Politics to Mainstream Politics 9. Cultural Community in Retrospect and Prospect Cultural Community in Retrospect Cultural Community in Prospect Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index
Huping Ling is Associate Professor of History at Truman State University and the author of Surviving on the Gold Mountain: A History of Chinese American Women and Their Lives.
"Chinese St. Louis is one of the important case studies on the Chinese American community in recent years which provides a firsthand microanalysis of one Chinese community in the United States. The book gives a vivid picture of a changing Chinese community in heartland America. It is a detailed history of the first 100 years of the Chinese Americans living in 'hop alley' in St. Louis." The Journal of Chinese Overseas "[Ling's] book offers an interesting look at the beginnings of 'Hop Alley'..." The Journal of American Ethnic History "Chinese St. Louis is a notable and much needed addition to the growing field of Chinese American Studies..[T]his book provides the only comprehensive historic account of a Chinese American urban and suburban settlement in the Midwest.[Ling's] use of documentation creates a vivid and artful picture of Chinese immigrant life." The Journal of American History "a rewarding read, partly for the nuanced presentation of the Chinese presence in one specific locale, but partly also as insight to varieties of immigrant issues and presences across the United States." Missio Apostolica "Ling provides a detailed account of the Chinese-American community of a few hundred people in St. Louis in the period between the 1870s and the 1960s. Ling's remarkable research brings Hop Alley to life. Ling's model for a cultural community is well established and solidly supported. The book is an appropriate read for those in the fields of ethnic and immigration history, community and public policy studies, cultural and diasporic studies and in American and Chinese history." American Historical Review "Chinese St. Louis provides a much-needed addition to the published literature about Chinese Americans. It skillfully places the Chinese in St. Louis in the context of urban history and the Chinese American historiography. Ling's presentation of the 'cultural community' is important, as it will help to further thinking about Chinese communities that are not in the form of traditional Chinatowns. It is a wonderful study, rich with insight and sophistication." --Franklin Ng, California State University at Fresno "Chinese St. Louis is an important contribution to the rapidly growing field of Chinese American studies...the book is highly informative about the life and social background of both historical and contemporary Chinese immigrants." The Journal of Asian American Studies