Titel: Beliefs, Interactions and Preferences
in Decision Making.
Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 1999.
Herausgegeben von Mark J. Machina, Bertrand Munier
7. Dezember 2010 - kartoniert - 388 Seiten
Beliefs, Interactions and Preferences in Decision Making mixes a selection of papers, presented at the Eighth Foundations and Applications of Utility and Risk Theory (`FUR VIII') conference in Mons, Belgium, together with a few solicited papers from well-known authors in the field.
This book addresses some of the questions that have recently emerged in the research on decision-making and risk theory. In particular, authors have modeled more and more as interactions between the individual and the environment or between different individuals the emergence of beliefs as well as the specific type of information treatment traditionally called `rationality'. This book analyzes several cases of such an interaction and derives consequences for the future of decision theory and risk theory.
In the last ten years, modeling beliefs has become a specific sub-field of decision making, particularly with respect to low probability events. Rational decision making has also been generalized in order to encompass, in new ways and in more general situations than it used to be fitted to, multiple dimensions in consequences. This book deals with some of the most conspicuous of these advances.
It also addresses the difficult question to incorporate several of these recent advances simultaneously into one single decision model. And it offers perspectives about the future trends of modeling such complex decision questions.
The volume is organized in three main blocks: The first block is the more `traditional' one. It deals with new extensions of the existing theory, as is always demanded by scientists in the field.
A second block handles specific elements in the development of interactions between individuals and their environment, as defined in the most general sense.
The last block confronts real-world problems in both financial and non-financial markets and decisions, and tries to show what kind of contributions can be brought to them by the type of research reported on here.
Introduction to the Volume. Part 1: Individual Decision Under Risk and Uncertainty. Subjectively Expected State-Dependent Utility on State-Dependent Consequence Domains; P.J. Hammond. Risk and Uncertainty Aversion on Certainty Equivalent Functions; A. Montesano. The State-Contingent Approach to Risk Premiums and Comparative Statics in Generalised Expected Utility Theory; J. Quiggin, R.G. Chambers. The Preservation of Comparative Statics Under Uncertainty; E.E. Schlee. Part 2: Interaction, Information and Beliefs. Non-Additive Beliefs: From Decision to Game Theory; H. Haller. A Positive Value of Information for a Non-Bayesian Decision-Maker; A. Chassagnon, J.-C. Vergnaud. Preference Summaries for Stochastic Tree Rollback; G.B. Hazen, J. Sounderpandian. Do We Really Need Numerous Observations to Select Candidates? (the D-Day Theorem); A. Billot. Education Signalling and Uncertainty; J. Eichberger, D. Kelsey. Self-Awareness, Uncertainty and Markets with Overconfidence; H.K. Hvide. Part 3: Interaction and Rationality. Combinatoric and Geometric Aspects of Some Probabilistic Choice Models - A Review; J.-P. Doignon, et al. Probabilistic Interactions Among Players of a Cooperative Game; M. Grabisch, M. Roubens. Arbitrage, Incomplete Models, and Other People's Brains; R. Nau. Part 4: Experimental Research. Changing Decision Rules: Uncovering Behavioral Strategies Using Estimation/Classification (EC); M.A. El Gamal, D.M. Grether. The Intertemporal Choice Triangle; B. Sopher, G. Gigliotti. Testing the Effects of Similarity and Real Payoffs on Choice; D. Buschena, D. Zilberman. How Consistent are Probability Tradeoffs in Individual Preferences Under Risk? M. Abdellaoui, B. Munier. Part 5: Applications to Industry and Finance. Symmetrical Monotone Risk Aversion and Positive Bid-Ask Spreads; M. Abouda, A. Chateauneuf. Time Resolution and Asymmetric Information: An Application to Financial Markets; D. Ami. The Pricing of Optimal Insurance Policies; J. Mayer, M.B. Ormiston. Multi-Attribute Decision Making and Generalized Expected Utility in Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance; F. Beaudouin, et al. Index.